Abstract in progress


ABSTRACT IN PROGRESS IN ORDER OF RECEIPT

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Prof. Leni Verhofstadt-Denève (Phd., TEP)

Ghent University, BELGIUM

LECTURE – English/French (Belgium)

How to improve the interpersonal relationship between two protagonists?

Theory and Practice

Abstract

In this lecture we will present the application of a psychodramatical strategy to improve the interpersonal relationship between two protagonists whether or not in conflict. The direct dialogue between both protagonists is prepared step by step through an indirect intrapersonal dialogue where both simultaneously operate as actor and as silent observer; therefore referred to as the “Simultaneous Action-Observer Strategy” (SA-OS; cf. 2017)

This method can be used without a group in relational therapy with a motivated dyad (i.e. father/daughter; mother/son;…. two partners…) or also, under slightly methodological variants, within group settings (i.e. therapy- & training-groups…).

First we will explore the theoretical background. Through concrete didactical demonstration (incl. video extracts, cf. 2018). The five action stages of SA-OS will be clarified  in relation to the underlying Phe-Di PModel and recent neurological insights.

Also some variants of the SA-OS will shortly be highlighted  such as the more complex form

for tackling subgroup conflicts i.e. The Double Triad Method (DTM; cf. 2012).

References

Verhofstadt-Denève, L. (2017). A Psychodrama Strategy for Conflictual Interpersonal Relationships: Theory and Practice. International Journal of Psychotherapy. A Special issue on Psychodrama Psychotherapy. 21, 2, 26-41. (The publication of this special issue coincides with the 25th anniversary of FEPTO celebrated in Sigtuna -Sweden- June, 2017).
▪Verhofstadt-Denève, L. (2018). Didactical DVD in relation to the topic of the lecture presented at the FEPTO conference, 2018 Pravetz, Bulgaria. (Will be available at the 8th Int. PD  Congress, ISEO, 2019).
▪Verhofstadt-Denève, L. (2012). Subgroup conflicts? Try the psychodramatic “Double Triad Method”. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy. 32 (2), 253-281.

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Prof. Leni Verhofstadt-Denève (Phd., TEP)

Ghent University, BELGIUM

And
Moira Verhofstadt (CP)
School of Experiential-Dialectical Psychodrama

WORKSHOP – English – French (Belgium)

How to improve the interpersonal relationship between two protagonists?

Abstract

In this workshop we will present the application of a psychodramatical strategy to improve the interpersonal relationship between two protagonists whether or not in conflict. Based on the basic theoretical/practical insights of the former lecture, there will be ample possibility for practical experiential-learning work in small subgroups with the “Simultaneous Action-Observer Strategy”,  followed by processing.

References

Verhofstadt-Denève, L. (2017). A Psychodrama Strategy for Conflictual Interpersonal Relationships: Theory and Practice. International Journal of Psychotherapy. A Special issue on Psychodrama Psychotherapy. 21, 2, 26-41. (The publication of this special issue coincides with the 25th anniversary of FEPTO celebrated in Sigtuna -Sweden- June, 2017).
▪Verhofstadt-Denève, L. (2018). Didactical DVD in relation to the topic of the lecture presented at the FEPTO conference, 2018 Pravetz, Bulgaria. (Will be available at the 8th Int. PD  Congress, ISEO, 2019).

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Yafi Shpirer (Israel)

 Workshop – English (USA) – Spanish (Argentina)

Psychodrama and Trauma treatment

General Goals:

The proposed workshop will integrate psychodrama and other methods that deals with   personal, family and community trauma.

The workshop objectives are:

  1. To consolidate and clarify the concepts: stress, anxiety, fear, trauma, resilience, coping with crisis.
  2. To experience the model that connect, Sociodrama, psychodrama, to BASIC PH.
  3. To experience each coping styles, combining active and expressive therapeutic tools.
  4. To enable the participating practitioner in the workshop to identify them personal style, and be in touch with their own   traumatized experience. They will understand and recognize its effects on their work and find other ways to help the clients.

Some theoretical  concepts :

Each individual has a personal typical style of resilience, which is a combination of all 6 channels.

Each individual has the potential to cope with all 6 channels however each person develops a personal way of coping which develops in his early years and escorts them for the rest of their live. This specific personal style of coping combines   biological foundations as well as genetical, environmental and acquired

Each person has preferred developed ways of coping (preferred channels) during different times and yet there are channels which are not so developed due to various life circumstances

Out of hundreds of researches with people in stressful situations it seems like each individual has a combination of channels that help him cope.

Experiential activity, accompanied by a theoretical processing where the participants will understand the model and will be able to apply in their own Organizations.

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Yafi Shpirer (Israel)

 Workshop – English (USA) – Spanish (Argentina)

Which “double” do I need?

Psycho-Sociodrama is an acting methodology that allows us to the observe and explore the relationship between the individual and community/group   process of changes and development ,  and the impact of Community Trauma on all.

The proposed workshop will integrate psychodrama and other action methods that deals with   personal, family and community trauma and others unfinished issues .

We will use sociodramatic methods to observe the influence of transgenerational trauma and forward in its affecting on the society.

We will use the model that I develop that takes the BASIC PH  theory (http://www.eng.icspc.org/Community-Resilience.html ) developed by Mooli Lahad, into the psycho-Sociodrama field and allows the group to cope   with the community and social trauma in a new way.

We will explore the range of different interpretations of the concept of “double” in psycho-sociodrama.

This Model of group work is in use by me since 2004 in all the villages and kibbutzim around Gaza Strip where I work with children and adults, during all those years until now.

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Digmar Aguilera (Bolivia)

Workshop – Spanish (Colombia) – English (USA)

El psicodrama freudiano trabaja la metodología y técnica moreniana desde una lectura sustentada en los conceptos trabajados por el psicoanalista J. Lacan.

Este tipo de intervención clínica presenta sus particularidades, en las cuales son conceptos fundamentales: la mirada, el discurso y el juego.

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Paolo Carrirolo (Italia)

Workshop – Italian – Spanish (Argentina)

 “Dal Teatro della spontaneità allo Psicodramma…e ritorno”

Lo Psicodramma classico come esperienza terapeutica, estetica e sociale. Lo Psicodramma classico nasce dal teatro della Spontaneità ed arriva, attraverso le vicissitudini esistenziali del suo ideatore J.L. Moreno, allo Psicodramma come intervento psicoterapeutico e socioterapeutico. In Argentina in particolare a Cordoba, grazie all’iniziativa di Maria Elena Garavelli, allieva di Dalmiro Bustos, rinasce, rivisitato, il Teatro della Spontaneità (Teatro Espontaneo). E’ mia intenzione presentare il questo laboratorio un’esperienza di applicazione dello Psicodramma classico-Teatro della Spontaneità con una particolare attenzione agli aspetti scenici, teatrali ed estetici, che utilizzo nella mia pratica clinica-psicoterapeutica.

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Milena Mutafchieva (Bulgaria), Stefan Flegelskamp (Germany) & Reijo Kauppila (Finland)

Workshop – English (UK) – German (Switzerland, Informal)

Trauma stabilization for refugee families with Psychodrama – innovation project 2017-2019

Evidence Based Trauma Stabilization (EBTS) consists of two innovative products for stabilization of traumatized children among refugee, asylum seeking and immigrant families. The EBTS-Program is a Psychodrama based short trauma stabilization process for refugee, asylum seeking and immigrant families. In the EBTS-Training psychologists, social workers, educators and other professionals learn to conduct the EBTS-Program in groups of refugee families.

The project has been funded with support from the European Commission.
This project is born in the present need of more effective working with refugee, asylum seeking and immigrant families. The European situation is challenging, and as professionals we should find new ways of supporting the integration of refugees in our society. One way to do it, is to support constructive relations between children and parents and to develop resilience in the families. Most of refugee, asylum and immigrant families have some kind of trauma experience in their original country or on their way to destination country.

EBTS re-connects traumatized children to their parents and thus to their most important binding resource. EBTS uses the language of the children: Playing.

EBTS combines psycho-education on trauma with child-friendly and children-psychodrama playful stabilization techniques

EBTS provides helpers with the latest knowledge in the field of trauma using experience-oriented and action-oriented methods.

EBTS stabilizes children, parents and helpers.

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Stefan Flegelskamp (Germany), Milena Mutafchieva (Bulgaria) 

Workshop – English (UK) – German (Switzerland, Informal)

“A child is very serious when playing“ J. Rousseau

The psychodramatic therapy of children differs profoundly from treating adults with this method and demands a lot of the psychodrama therapist. Children communicate differently from grown-ups. Playing is their instrument of expressing their inner world and they use symbols to do so. One can say: Playing is their „royal way“ to express the unconscious. They search for their possibilities by „Doing and Acting“. They test their inner images by acting it out and bringing it on the appropriate stage.
Children play, choose subjects, places and roles. That is the way they express themselves, develop and have fun. Presumably this is the origin of the psychodramatic therapy. Jacob L. Moreno based his psychodramatic work on this kind of play and included the basic steps and elements of the human development.
Children are characterized by an outstanding creativity. They can change sorrowful situations into a game with symbols and find solutions for their own conflicts. Constitutive psychodramatic fundamental techniques are adopted by the vivid, childish play. Children psychodrama supports the self-development and the advancement of children in a special way.
Concept

The course teaches the basics of this symbolic play with children in theory and practice, corresponding psychodramatic techniques for action and the appropriate use of psychodramatic options for intervention in both group and individual therapy.

Target Group

Professionals who work with children educationally and / or therapeutically such as child and adolescent psychotherapists, physicians, psychologists, mental health and social workers, teachers, and educators.

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Adena Bank Lees -(USA)

Workshop – English (USA)

CEI is an elusive form of sexual abuse that occurs in the family system without there necessarily being direct genital contact. The substitute spouse and/or caretaker role is common for survivors of CEI. In denying their own needs and striving for perfection, CEI survivors often feel separate and alone. A strong social atom is necessary to shed these extreme roles by identifying and setting appropriate boundaries. This workshop will demonstrate action structures to strengthen the survivor’s social atom and practice the role of “effective boundary setter.”

Objectives:
Participants will be able to:

  1. Identify at least two boundaries necessary for CEI survivors to set with family members.
    2. Apply at last one action structure to assist professionals in their practice.

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Shu Gong – (USA), Juilin Tu (Taiwan)

Workshop – English (USA)

This is an integrative work of traditional Chinese medicine and psychodrama.
This workshop demonstrates a holistic healing process using traditional Chinese medicine and psychodrama. Traditional Chinese medicine sees emotional imbalance as major causes of illness. The visible, substantial, and tangible physical body is considered as yang, whereas the invisible, insubstantial, and intangible energy body is construed as yin — neither can exist without the other. For example depression effects the energy in the lungs it usually causes colon problems such as constipation or diarrhea. In the healing process, when the energy body is healed, then the physical body is healed as well. This workshop demonstrates the of psychodrama and traditional Chinese medicine to facilitate healing.

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Vladimir Milošević – Tomi Janežič  (Slovenia)

Workshop

THERAPEUTIC CHANGE SEEN AS A CREATIVE ACT

In psychodrama therapy we use the creative potential of the theatric play as a main therapeutic »tool«. Spontaneity which is liberated through the act of play is the main source fort he theraputic process. But in psychodrama creative language of the theatric play is not just a theraputic tool, we can observe a therapeutic change as a creative act in which the protagonist produces something new, in a process of own change.

In the workshop the authosrs will demonstrate the way of the use of psychodrama method in a creative process and vice-versa, the proces of theraputic development of the protagonist will be observed through the creative act of theatric play.

In a psychodrama we can put a sign of equality between creativity and therapy.

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Vladimir Milošević  (Slovenia)

Panel/Simposium – English (UK) – Serbian

MEN DON’T CRY

Film projection and a round table discussion

After the war in ex Yugoslavia a number of war veterans which suffered from PTSP participated in group therapeutic treatment in a groups where the members were from the different sides from the war conflict.

This film is based on the real-life experience of the war veterans. In teh movie they are engaged in a psychodrama group, in which are present ex-soldiers from the Serbian, Bosnian and Croat army. In the film the psychodrama methosd is the main tool of the therapeutic and reconciliation process for those men.

At the same time psychodrama was used in the preparation process for the movie.
The film won a number of prices in different international film festivals: Carlove Vary, Bratislava, Rome, Istanbul, Zagreb, Ljubljana…After the projection of the movie the audience will be invited to a discussion at round table.

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Maike Braune, Menz Aline  (Germany)

Wokshop – English (UK) – German

Sociopsychodrama and Literature?
What do they have in common? Why do we sympathise with figures, characters or items from literature? What can we learn about ourselves from stories?

The knowledge and research about what? Sociopsychodrama and literature can be linked together. Exploring literature in a sociopsychodramatic way allows us a very personal, lively and pleasurable approach to stories with their characters. Simultaneously, we can get surprisingly new insights about ourselves: There are hundreds of ways of understanding and interpreting literary works. The way how we fill the gaps a text may contain and how we interpret the multiple meanings that each piece of literature has, reveals much of our personality.

In the workshop we intend to show how we can express ourselves via literature and how the playful exploration of texts allows us to widen our scope. We wish to show as well that this approach enables readers to deepen the understanding of texts. Finally, we will discuss how you can work with this knowledge in language lessons, lessons of literature and also in self-experience groups.

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Jaye Moyer – (USA)

Workshop – English (USA)

“Forgiveness” presented by Jaye Moyer of IntegralTherapy.net and Psychodrama Training Institute of New York City, New York.

Zen teacher, Joko Beck wrote: “Our failure to know joy is a direct reflection of our inability to forgive.”
Starting with this understanding, in this workshop we will explore the experience of forgiveness. We will investigate various dimensions of forgiveness, including self-forgiveness, our need to be forgiven as well as our need to forgive. For each of these dimensions, we will use guided meditation, sociometric exploration, psychodrama and group sharing as a support in our inquiry. The intention of this workshop is to broaden and deepen our capacity to explore our relationship with forgiveness. This may allow us to know more freedom, spontaneity and joy.

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Pavel Kornienko  (Russian Federation)

Workshop – English (UK) – Russian

Working with trauma via the completion of psychophysiological reactions

At the workshop, I will explain approach to working with trauma based on the idea of helping the client complete psycho-physiological reactions that have occurred during the initial traumatic episode. I will present four types of psycho-physiological reactions and how to work them. In the second part of the workshop, I will show how this works in practice.

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Manuela Maciel   (Portugal)

Workshop – English (UK) – Portughese (Portugal)

This workshop introduces the latest scientific developments in Transgenerational studies and participants will have the opportunity of experiencing and practicing Transgenerational therapy tools and techniques. The workshop, held by Manuela Maciel, Trainer at the Anne Ancelin Schützenberger School of Transgenerational Therapy, will demonstrate the original psychogenealogical approach created by the Founder and main Trainer of the School, Prof. Anne Ancelin Schützenberger.

Family legacies play a direct role in the formation of emotional symptoms and can cause repetitive patterns of behaviour such as the “anniversary syndrome” or “invisible loyalty” which are repeated from one generation to the next. Future generations preserve their loyalty and deal with unfinished business by accommodating to dysfunctional patterns in the family of origin and re-enacting similar life scripts.

Some of the clinical tools and techniques which will be demonstrated during this workshop comprise the Genosociogram, the Family Atom, the use of Toys, Incognito Auxiliaries and Psychogenealogy exercises.
Manuela Maciel (Portugal) is a Clinical and Social Psychologist, and Psychodrama Director for 32 years. She is experienced individual, group and educational therapist. She was the Chairperson of the Psychodrama Section of the IAGP – International Association of Group Psychotherapy and Group Processes (2003-2009). Member of the board, supervisor and teacher in the Portuguese Psychodrama Society (SPP). Manuela was trained in Psychogenealogy by Anne Schützenberger and has additional training in cognitive-behavioral therapy and EMDR. She was Founder and Consultant of International Sociodrama Conference (2007-2020) and Founder of International Transgenerational Conference (2007). She wrote and edited books and articles on the topic of Sociodrama and Psychogenealogy.

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Cristina Martinez Taboada (Spain)

Workshop – English (UK) – Spain

What do women do to survive?

Methodology: action and reflection group mainly for women without excluding men

Research has shown that women are more likely to survive a life-threatening crisis than men. Currently, in all parts of the world, women tend to live longer than men. Of course, There are some biological and non-biological keys.
We know that women have suffered from social alienation and the “corruption” of the body. Biological processes, such as sex, menstruation, breastfeeding and even pregnancy, were considered disgusting. Women can be forced to cover their bodies and faces and make them live as shameful beings without education or power.
However, most maintain an inspiring energy source towards others beyond cultural and socioeconomic differences.
Our main objective would be to answer the following question:
Could we deepen together what kind of emotions, impulses, strengths, sensations push and reconstruct women to survive?

Spanish:¿Qué hacen las mujeres para sobrevivir?

Metodología: grupo de acción y reflexión principalmente para mujeres sin excluir a los hombres

Resumen: Las investigaciones han demostrado que las mujeres tienen más probabilidades de sobrevivir a una crisis potencialmente mortal que los hombres. En todas partes del mundo, las mujeres tienden a vivir más que los hombres. Hay claves biológicas y no biológicas.
Las mujeres han sufrido de alienación social y la “corrupción” del cuerpo. Los procesos biológicos, como el sexo, la menstruación, la lactancia e incluso el embarazo, se consideraron repugnantes. Las mujeres pueden ser obligadas a cubrir sus cuerpos y rostros y hacer que vivan como seres vergonzosos sin educación ni poder.
Sin embargo, la mayoría mantiene una fuente de energía inspiradora más allá de las diferencias culturales y socioeconómicas.
El principal objetivo es responder a
¿Podríamos profundizar juntos qué tipo de emociones, impulsos, fortalezas, sensaciones reconstruyen a las mujeres para sobrevivir?

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Beppe Bertagna (Italy)

Workshop – English (UK) – Spain – Italian

Il laboratorio propone un’esperienza di Psicodramma Biblico, il quale ha lo scopo di far interagire un gruppo su un testo biblico utilizzando la metodologia dello Psicodramma Classico. Lo Psicodramma Biblico nasce dal bisogno di ridare vita ai personaggi e alle storie bibliche accadute “in quel tempo”. Dando vita ai vari personaggi delle storie, i membri di un gruppo sono invitati ad entrare nei panni di quei personaggi e a rivivere in prima persona le storie che la Bibbia racconta. Ciò offre l’opportunità di cogliere in profondità i vissuti che stanno alla base delle azioni narrate e quindi di prendere coscienza della complessità umana che caratterizza i protagonista delle storie bibliche.

Cogliere la vivacità e la complessità umana che caratterizza questi personaggi permette di venire a contatto con il messaggio autentico che la Bibbia trasmette, ossia la Buona Notizia. Essa afferma che esiste un amore gratuito e incondizionato, che viene da Dio stesso ed è per tutti, credenti e non credenti. Attingendo alle storie Bibliche ed identificandosi con i personaggi della Bibbia ogni persona può venire a contatto con questo messaggio e sperimentarne gli effetti benefici!

Infatti la guarigione di cui si parla nella Bibbia consiste anzitutto nell’esperienza di essere oggetti di una cura premurosa e gratuita, non soggetta ad alcuna considerazione sul merito.

Di questo amore che cura sono testimonianza vari testi dei Vangeli ed essa permea l’intera attività pubblica di Gesù!

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Rebecca Walters (USA)

Workshop – English (USA)

Childwork/Childplay: Action Methods with Children

Psychodrama, sociodrama, creative dramatics and playback can facilitate the healing of wounded children. The focus of this workshop will be on group work with children, ages five through twelve, who are victims of abandonment, abuse, trauma and domestic violence. This workshop offers specific action structures that create the necessary safe space that allows children to tell their stories, express strong feeling and find new roles.
Participants will experience the use the psychodramatic and sociodramatic empty chair, the use of multiple doubles, structures such an inner and outer circle and the use of fantasy figures to create safety and encourage expression.

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Valerie Simon (USA)

Workshop – English (USA – UK)

Co-Creation and Connection in a Time of Disconnection

Decades ago, in his book Who Shall Survive, JL Moreno wrote about the dangers of society becoming filled with robots, people not acting in
their spontaneity and creativity. Today, many of us struggle to maintain authentic connections with others in the face of modern
technology and political discord. We often stare numbly at screens or vent our frustrations on social media instead of conversing with the
people right in front of us. This workshop will help us explore what blocks us from interconnecting with others in our spontaneity and
creativity.

Participants will receive a brief training about the Canon of Creativity and Moreno’s desire to interconnect “all of (hu)mankind” in healing. We will consider ways the Canon of Creativity’s warm up to spontaneity, creativity and cultural conserve parallels psychodrama’s three-part method of warm up, action and sharing. We will explore ways that we can become stuck in cultural conserves, as well as social or emotional ones, and how modern technology can trap us in repetitive, unspontaneous and addictive behavior.
After a warm up on the topic of blocks to co-creation and connection, a short psychodrama will be conducted where we will explore ways to
expand our social atoms through action. We will end the workshop with sharing and processing.

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Maria da Pehna Nery  (Brasil)

Workshop – English – Portughese (Brasil)

SOCIOPSYCHODRAMA: POWER AND AFFECTIVENESS

Our goal is to try creative ways of exercising power. Reflect on the difficulties in empowering ourselves and being protagonists of our
stories. Cultivate learning with differences and respect in living with diversities.
The director proposes a sociopsicodrama that focuses on the affective-behavioral interchange that prevents co-creation in power
relations.
In this work, we seek to highlight the hidden and manifest plots in human interaction. The scenes of the participants intersect and,
through action techniques, spontaneity-creativity is manifested. A way can be created for the relationship of creative power, which passes
through openness to self-knowledge and through learning in relationships with others in a process of empathetic dialogue.
Differences and social inequalities are challenges of the socio-therapists who seek to develop a culture of peace. The sociopsychodrama method has won the promotion of this culture. _________________________________________________________________________

Fabian Blobel  (Germany)

Workshop – English (UK) – German

BOWLBY MEETS MORENO: Resilience through attachment orientated psychodrama with children.

Research shows, that an important positive factor for resilience are safe relationships. We also know, that children with safe attachment are more socially active and better integrated. They show better social and emotional competences. How do safe and unsafe attachment styles affect the inner working models and thus the symbol play of children? Psychodrama helps us put the inner fantasies of the child on the outer stage and by co-creating, on the symbol level, to intervene pedagogically and therapeutically. As psychodramatists working with the symbol play of the children, the attachment theory offers an interesting additional interpretation frame to analyze the symbol play of children and to plan our psychodramatic interventions. In this workshop we will experience in a psychodramatic way the attachment theory and the inner working models. We will translate the theoretical assumptions into the symbol play of children and get a playful insight in the possibilities of attachment orientated psychodramatic interventions.

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Irene Henche Zabala (Spain)

Workshop – English (UK) – Italian

Feminin and masculin in Fairy Tales through Jungian Symbolic Psychodrama

In Fairy tales, feminine and masculine characters are symbols and archetypical images of the dual feminine masculine human universe.
Both contain values and potentialities that help to develop this dimensions in all people of any gender. In this workshop, we invite to immerse in the archetypical dimension of these symbols plenty of strength. Through Symbolic Psychodrama we will go into some parts of chosen Fairy tales, with a new proposal of versions in which the feminine element is rescued.

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Agnes Dudler  (Germany)

Workshop – English (UK) – German

Wisdom Rising – Empowering the Feminine

Compassion and cooperation are the skills that helped mankind to survive. But the epidemic capitalism fosters self destroying egoism. In these troubled times violation of human needs seems to be prevalent. Care work is still delegated to woman, and though we all depend on it, it is publicly and economically neglected, devaluated and exploited as much as subsistence farming. Still men do rarely dare to develop there feminine parts even more than most woman are still afraid to live their masculine parts. It is more than necessary to overcome the dualistic split of personal abilities into male and female.
An american buddhist teacher offers a model of an undomesticated feminine, neither meek nor submissive, but self conscious, fierce, wise and spiritual, an antidote to toxic masculinity. Following her ideas in this workshop we will experience in a psychodramatic way towards an empowered feminine on the basis of wisdom, love and compassion. Maybe it will help us to survive.
Tibetans have Prajnjaparamita, the mother of all, who is wisdom and love.

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Andrei Yegorov (Russian Federation)

Workshop – English (UK) – Russian

He, who must not be named is back… in business.

Foreword.
I was amazed how easily the method of psychodrama finds its role in in organisational context. Although, people in business prefer not to pronounce the name, but they eagerly participate and enjoy the process and appreciate the outcomes.
About the workshop.
The goal of the workshop is to show how to use psychodrama, sociodrama, work with objects and other techniques in team and leadership diagnostics and development. I’ll show some of the best cases from my experience. It’s also important to understand how far one should go with psychodrama in the business context and know where to stop. That’s why we’ll discuss the boundary that lies between therapeutic and organizational application.
Who would benefit most from the workshop.
Psychotherapists – new or experienced – who work or plan working in the organizational context with the method of psychodrama.
From the author of the workshop
I hope you will find new opportunities and ideas to bring your own experience from psychotherapy to business – after all, we’re people, even if we’re in business.

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Küllike Lillestik  (Estonia)

Workshop – Estonian – English (UK)

Surviving in the family – how is it possible in 2019?

The family into which we are born is the foundation, the basis for the growth of the person who is today. A family is made up of the feelings and relationships between people – intimacy, caring, loyalty, support and love. The family is the only place in the world where people are loved not for what they do or give, but for being who they are.
During the workshop, we will examine how to survive in the family if it is not secure: how to support and hold, and whether it is possible to increase the security of all family members, so that love could grow and transform. We will also learn whether this will allow to change the existing family patterns.
The workshop employs the methods of psychodrama, family constellations, family systems therapy and Imago and EFT relationship therapy.
CV/s: Küllike Lillestik, psychodrama Certified Practitioner (CP). I am a graduate of the Tallinn Psychodrama Institute. Since 2006 I have a private practice as systemic family therapist, EFT and IMAGO couple therapist, psychodrama group therapist. I have also started studying to become a family therapy trainer, and I am a student of systemic family constellation.

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Paolo Lanciani e Davide Motta (Italy)

Workshop – Italian – English

Workshop per soli uomini.

Ci siamo resi conto che come uomini bianchi, di mezza età, eterosessuali, lavoratori, siamo la norma; ogni volta che qualcuno si riferisce a chi è normale o afferma una differenza, definisce il diverso da noi … o meglio, diverso dallo stereotipo che rappresentiamo. Abbiamo deciso che questa non era solo una responsabilità, poiché l’inclusione, di fatto, significa che
dobbiamo diventare più inclusivi, ma anche che siamo stati chiamati a vivere secondo uno standard, uno stereotipo, che limita anche la nostra espressione autentica e libera. Siamo arrivati alla conclusione che vogliamo di più, per noi stessi come uomini, per le nostre organizzazioni e per le nostre comunità. Vogliamo cogliere l’opportunità e la responsabilità di diventare promotori di una cultura organizzativa e professionale orientata alla varietà, diversity, e all’inclusione.

Workshop for men only

We realized that as white, middle aged, heterosexual, working men, we where the norm; whenever someone was referring to whom is normal, or stating a difference, it was different from us… or better, it was different from the stereotype we represent. We decided that this was not only a responsibility, as inclusion, de facto, means that we have to become more inclusive, but also that we where called to live to a standard, a stereotype, that was limiting our authentic and free expression too. We came to the conclusion that we want more, for ourselves as men, for our organizations and for our communities. We want to take on the opportunity and the responsibility to become diversity & inclusion advocates.

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Dani Yaniv  (Israel)

Symposium/Panel – English (USA) – Hebrew

Trust the Process: A New Scientific Outlook on Psychodramatic Spontaneity Training.

Human mind is hypothesis-driven and our observations of the world are strongly shaped by preconceptions. This “top-down” principle is biologically driven and contraindicative to spontaneity, which is non-linear, condensed, and initially incomprehensible. My first argument is that spontaneity entails “bottom up” information processing, as articulated in the hierarchical neurocognitive model of perception. My second argument is that changing the balance between these two processes is important and feasible. Insights from psychodynamic transference and savant syndrome are presented to support these ideas. Uniting these contemporary notions with some essentials of J. L. Moreno’s philosophy is my third goal. By violating predictions and expectations, psychodrama interferes with top-down “conserved” processing and cultivates here and now, stimulus-dependent spontaneous acts. Further evidence is presented in support of the claim that adult spontaneity leads to enhanced cognition and creativity through imitating the child’s brain, as Moreno envisioned. Because spontaneity is formed before having the evidence for its truth or adequacy, it entails, in adults, overcoming apprehensions about acting without a theory in mind. This is what trusting-the-process means and it requires training, which psychodrama fosters on its stage laboratory.

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Antonio Zanardo (Italy)

Workshop – Italian – English (UK)

Noi e loro: la guerra delle differenze

Il workshop vuole esplorare le diversità che caratterizzano le persone, cercando punti di contatto e connessioni, contrastando il pregiudizio e le minacce percepite.

Us and them: the war of the differences

The workshop aims to explore the diversity that characterize people, looking for points of contact and connections, countering prejudice and perceived threats.

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Leandra Perrotta (Australia-Italy-Norway)

Workshop – English – Italian

“FIFTY SHADES OF EROS: EXPLORING THE POETICS OF SEX AND THE NATURE OF DESIRE”.

PSYCHODRAMA AND DANCE MOVEMENT THERAPY WORKSHOP

The dynamics of desire are forged in our childhood experiences and our sexual preferences are shaped by the thrills, challenges and conflicts of our early relationships. Were we held or neglected? Loved or abandoned? Did we experience pleasure or did we learn not to expect too much? What did our family teach us about our body, our gender and our sexuality?
Our first attachment experiences provide us with a template for what we expect to happen or will not allow in an intimate relationship. Sex is a clue on how we deal with closeness, how we deal with control or surrender and how we manage pleasure. It reflects how vulnerable we allow ourselves to be and how we receive, ask, give or take.
This experiential workshop is designed to give an opportunity for personal exploration and professional development and will help explore our unique erotic blueprint in a safe and supportive environment.
The group will examine different ways of working on, analyzing and contextualizing sexuality in a therapeutic setting. We will explore how to create a safe space to deal with the issues around intimacy, vulnerability, pleasure, desire, identity, sexual orientation, gender, sexual preferences, fantasies and erotic dreams.
The ultimate aim in this workshop will be to initiate a transformative process of self awareness so as to playfully rekindle our creativity and desire.

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Daniela Simmons  (USA)

Workshop -English – Bulgarian

IMAGINATION IN MOTION: PSYCHODRAMA FOR PEOPLE WITH MOBILITY IMPAIRMENT
Presenter: Dr. Daniela Simmons, PhD, TEP

Learning Objectives:
After attending this workshop, participants will be able to:
1. Describe the alternative action methods presented that could be applied among the physically impaired population;
2. Apply the alternative action methods appropriate for use among the physically impaired population.

This Workshop aims to present methodology for offering psychodrama to people with mobility impairment – inherited or acquired through accident, illness or with age problems.
Applying action methods among the physically impaired population can be considered difficult or impossible; therefore, this large diverse group is often excluded from the benefits of the powerful method of psychodrama. The author of this workshop believes that psychodrama and sociometry have a lot to offer to people with a mobility impairment, with the help of props, imagination and unique adaptations of the method. Integrating JL and Zerka Moreno’s invitation for laughter and creativity, this high energy workshop will include music, dance, play, sociometry and psychodrama vignettes to demonstrate how role reversal, double, surplus reality, locogram, spectrogram, sociogram, etc. can be successfully applied and fully experienced by the elderly, veterans, children and people with congenital or acquired impairments. The creativity of the director and the richness of the method can offer alternative ways to overcome the physical limitations.
One of J.L.Moreno’s definitions on psychodrama is that it is a “human society in miniature” (J.L.Moreno, 1937, p. 9). People with mobility impairment are a specifically diverse group of our society and creating a space for their culture in the safe environment of a small group is a healing experience in itself (e.g. allowing everyone to share their personal story, feelings, challenges, etc.). Often times, telling and hearing personal stories, the group members would easily discover a topic that connects them in their social and cultural roles and the group would benefit from a sociodrama.

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Lars Tauvon  (Sweden)

Workshop – English – Swedish

Music and movement in psychodrama

The use of music adds a new dimension to the drama. In the moment it arouses feelings and associated memories. We know that music activates more and different areas of the brain. It may be the reason why warm up and dramatic action is faciclitated. In this workshop we shall show and experience how we can use music and movement in psychodrama.

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Tamar Pelleg (Israel)

Workshop – English (USA e Canada)

Using Bibliodrama we will enact an ancient tale:

“A Tale of a palace and two painters” which presents two main archetypes we all own, and which resonate with the philosophy of J.L.Moreno (The Godhead and The Canon of Creativity). Participants will get familiar with a tale of Rabbi Nachman of Breslove through Bibliodrama.
Learning objective:
After attending this workshop participants will be able to :
1. Describe two main archetypes portrait in the tale and identify how they are part of their own life.

2. Describe how the story resonate with J.L.Moreno’s philosophy of the Godhead and The canon of creativity.

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Luigi Dotti  (Italy)

Workshop – Italian – English (UK)

Spontaneità e controllo. Dall’iperattività all’attività spontanea nello psicodramma con i bambini.

Il laboratorio propone alcune esperienze di attività psicodrammatica con i bambini, con particolare attenzione alla tematiche dell’iperattività e della difficoltà di controllo della motricità e dell’azione.
Seguirà una riflessione su alcuni concetti importanti nell’attività psicodrammatica con i bambini: la diade spontaneità/controllo, l’alternanza comunicativa, la funzione terapeutica del gruppo dei pari, la funzione terapeutica del rituale, l’alternanza intenzionale di realtà e semirealtà, l’espressività artistica e simbolica.

Spontaneity and control. From hyperactivity to spontaneous activity in children psychodrama.

The laboratory offers some experiences of psychodramatic activity with children, with particular attention to the issues of hyperactivity and the difficulty of controlling body and action.
This will be followed by a reflection on some important concepts in psychodramatic activity with children: spontaneity and control, communicative alternation, the therapeutic function of the peer group, the therapeutic function of the ritual, the intentional alternation of reality and semi-reality, the artistic and symbolic expressiveness.

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Daniela Simmons (USA)

Workshop – English (USA)

ACHIEVING PEACE WITH THE MAGIC MIRROR: SOCIAL ATOM APPLICATIONS FOR CLIENTS WITH EATING DISORDERS
Presenter: Dr. Daniela Simmons, PhD, TEP

Learning Objectives:
After attending this workshop, participants will be able to:
1. Describe Moreno’s social atom as a treatment tool for clients with eating disorders;
2. Apply the social atom on paper and in action for exploring various relationships of clients with eating disorders.

This Workshop aims to present how Moreno’s social atom can be applied as an instrument in the treatment of eating disorders. Social atom applications for exploring the client’s relationships with family, friends, their emotions and self-esteem in the present situation; the food and the eating disorder treatment process will be explored.
The Magic Mirror is a mystical object that is featured in the story of Snow White, a 19th-century German fairy tale, first published by the Brothers Grimm. A famous question from the story, “Mirror, mirror on the wall, who’s the fairest one of all?” will be applied as a metaphor of one of the main triggers in eating disorder recovery – seeing self as a negative or distorted body image.
J.L.Moreno created and introduced the social atom in 1934 in his book, Who Shall Survive? As a relational map, the social atom will be demonstrated as an instrument for the treatment and exploration of eating disorders, repairing the client’s relationships and promoting self-awareness and change.

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Mirjana Jovanovska Stojanovska  (Macedonia)

Workshop – English (USA) – Russian

Еmotional life

At this workshop in a creative way, with the help of Psychodrama – Gestalt techniques, participants will explore the world of their own emotions: their experience and expression. The workshop will help the participants to increase their ability to recognize the other’s emotions and find an adequate response to them.
Theoretical framework
In order to be able to survive in this world that is constantly changing, we need to adapt. Managing emotions increases the ability to adapt.
Emotion is a brief conscious experience characterized by intense mental activity and a high degree of pleasure or displeasure. A Feeling that results in physical and psychological changes that influence our behavior and our adaptation.
Emotions build our reality by showing us the significance of the events around us for us. It is a body reaction to the changes around us. Emotions can also be caused by thoughts. No matter what has caused the emotions they affect our reality as they affect our response to the external environment. In this way, they affect the quality of our lives
The quality of our lives is directly related to: Self-Awareness – The ability for recognition of their own emotions and how they affect their thoughts and behavior, and Self-Management – The ability to recognize and control impulsive feelings and behaviors, manage emotions in healthy ways, take initiative, follow through on commitments, and adapt to changing circumstances.
Quality of living also is associated with Social Awareness – Thе ability to understand the emotions, needs, and concerns of other people, and Relationship Management – The ability to know how to develop and maintain good relationships, communicate clearly.

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Florian Stricker (Germany)

Workshop – English, Spanish, German

How can the victim-perpetrator splitting be usefully put in scene?
The workshop starts with a short introduction to the model of victim-perpetrator splitting.
Stressful experiences caused by maltreatment, abuse, long term neglect or loss of important relations require specific emotional processing capacities and have an emotionally high impact. During this process so called specific inner victim states (traumatic states) often emerge. At the same time the personality produces as a coping strategy an antagonistic perpetrator state, which function is to stabilize the person psychologically. The basic underlying psychodynamic can be understood with respect to less traumatic personal experiences.
This workshop offers besides self experience an approach for psychodramatherapeutic work with sexually abusive young offenders and other perpetrators of violence.

?Como se puede dramatizar la disociación víctima-agresor?
El taller empieza con una corta introducción con el modelo de disociación víctima-agresor.
Las experiencias estresantes como por ejemplo violencia física, abuso sexual, negligencia duradera o pérdida de relatos importantes necesitan enormes capacidades emocionales para procesarlas y producen gran efecto en las personas afectadas. Muchas veces resultan estados del Yo específicos como el de víctima, entre otros estados traumáticos. En el mismo proceso puede desarollarse un estado antagónico de un Yo y rol agresor. Su función sirve para mantener equilibrio en la psiquis. La psico-dinámica subyacente también se puede percibir con experiencias estresantes de menor gravedad.
Este taller ofrece, junto a la auto-experiencia, un enfoque psicodramático del trabajo con jóvenes que abusan sexualmente y corporalmente a otros.

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Davide Favero e Stefano Candellieri  (Italy)

Simposio – English – Italian

We would like to tell you about our psychodrama work with a class of architects during a post graduate training course developing in the psychological field the ideas of Christopher Alexander.
The context in which we approached problems to develop solutions acknowledges and embraces the complexity, uncertainty and change that are ever more prevalent in our world. We acknowledged that life takes place by continuously adapting the surrounding environment in an uninterrupted everyday process that predominantly occurs in the dimension of the ordinary. There exists in the natural, cultural and physical world a class of phenomena that are beautiful, the beauty of which has essentially to do with our everyday material and spiritual life.
Beautiful, ordinary spaces have a quality whose value, once explored at the appropriate level, belongs to all human beings, and is good for everyone. Because that quality exists, makers can, at each step in the process of change, add to and expand – rather than detract from and reduce – the original quality. Generally, we define and measure the objective quality of the space that emerges at the level where human beings share a common canon of values that belongs to the collective unconscious. We created a series of workshops aimed at raising awareness of our own individual and collective feelings. Feelings were explored in relation to space, the body/mind, and the way they interact in the hands-on physical work of making artifacts. This line of activity was designed to provide the knowledge required to observe, understand and act within a complex system where elements have both individual and interrelated value, and where observation, understanding and action are related to our experience of such elements and their interrelation. Feelings are the gateway that connect our deep Self to the external world: learning to name and recognize them, trust them, and live with them is crucial to our ability to work with others and with the structure of the land.

Vorremmo parlarvi del nostro lavoro di psicodramma con una classe di architetti svoltosi durante un corso di formazione post laurea che ha sviluppato in campo psicologico le idee di Christopher Alexander.
Il contesto in cui abbiamo affrontato i problemi per implementare nuove competenze riconosce e abbraccia la complessità, l’incertezza e il cambiamento che sono sempre più diffusi nel nostro mondo. Preso atto che la vita si svolge adattando continuamente l’ambiente circostante in un processo biunivoco ininterrotto che si verifica prevalentemente nella dimensione dell’ordinario, si deve riconoscere che esiste nel mondo naturale, culturale e fisico una classe di fenomeni che rappresentano il «bello», fenomeni la cui bellezza ha essenzialmente a che fare con la dimensione materiale e con quella psichica. Gli spazi belli e ordinari hanno una qualità il cui valore appartiene a tutti gli esseri umani e produce benessere a tutti. Generalmente, definiamo e misuriamo la qualità estetica dello spazio grazie al comune canone di valori che appartiene all’inconscio collettivo e che tutti gli esseri umani condividono.
Nel workshop i sentimenti, i valori estetici collettivi e le emozioni sono stati esplorati in rapporto allo spazio, alla relazione corpo/mente e al modo in cui tali aspetti interagiscono nel lavoro pratico di creazione di artefatti. Questa ipotesi di lavoro è stata pensata per fornire le conoscenze necessarie per osservare, comprendere e agire all’interno di un sistema complesso in cui gli elementi hanno valore sia individuale sia collettivo e dove osservazione, comprensione e azione sono legate alla nostra esperienza di tali elementi e alla loro interrelazione.
Emozioni e sentimenti sono la porta che collega il nostro sé profondo all’esterno: imparare a nominarli e a riconoscerli, fidarsi di loro e vivere con loro è fondamentale per le nostre capacità di lavorare con gli altri, con la struttura della terra, del paesaggio e degli spazi urbani privati e
pubblici.

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Davide Favero e Stefano Candellieri (Italy)

Workshop – English – Italian

A 50-year-old man suddenly finds his psychic life shaken by an unexpected discovery: a chance conversation with an elderly cousin of his father’s reveals the latter had not died of natural causes, as he had believed for 42 years, but had committed suicide. This dramatic shock leads to an intense process of dissociation: on one hand, the same 50-year-old adult now has to deal with the realisation that his father had not died in the way he had always thought, on the other, the 8-year-old boy, becoming personified again on the imaginal plane, reveals himself as he discovers his father has hung himself. The adult reflects and understands, empathising with the drama that overtook his father – the child is overcome with despair, anger, incredulity, trying his heart out. He is inconsolable for what has happened. Fragments of memory and images explode in the emotive chaos of attempting a new recomposition of the episode. The man turns to the judicial authorities to try to obtain an “objective” report of the facts, as for some years he has had no contact with his mother, the only direct witness to the suicide. After reading the Carabinieri’s 1974 report, the man quizzes family and friends to find out whether others knew of the events and to what extent he has been kept in the dark. The bitter surprise is that everyone knew: his ex-wife, relatives, acquaintances. He realises he has been living in a real-life Truman Show. Our intention is to address these events catamnestically highlighting and analysing through psychodrama the trauma’s imaginal psychic evolutions taking place during the course of psychotherapy.
Of particular interest are the dissociative phenomena and the dynamics of the complex between the parts of the personality involved in the process of reaction to the trauma, in addition to the implications of the family “secret” in the structuring of the personality itself.

Un uomo di 50 anni improvvisamente vede la sua vita psichica scossa da una scoperta inaspettata: durante un’occasionale conversazione con un anziana cugina del padre rivela che quest’ultimo non era morto per cause naturali, come egli aveva creduto per 42 anni, ma si era suicidato. Questo drammatico shock porta ad un intenso processo di dissociazione: da un lato, lo stesso adulto di 50 anni ora deve fare i conti con la consapevolezza che suo padre non era morto nel modo in cui aveva sempre pensato, dall’altro, il bambino di 8 anni, ripersonificandosi sul piano immaginario, si rivela mentre scopre che suo padre si è impiccato. L’adulto riflette e comprende, empatizzando con il dramma che ha sopraffatto suo padre – il bambino è travolto dalla disperazione, dalla rabbia, dall’incredulità, il suo cuore è straziato. È inconsolabile per quello che è successo. Frammenti di memoria e immagini esplodono nel caos emotivo del tentativo di una nuova ricomposizione dell’episodio.
L’uomo si rivolge alle autorità giudiziarie per cercare di ottenere una relazione “obiettiva” dei fatti, dato che da alcuni anni non ha più avuto contatti con la madre, l’unico testimone diretto del suicidio. Dopo aver letto il rapporto dei Carabinieri del 1974, l’uomo interroga familiari e amici per scoprire se gli altri sapessero degli eventi e fino a che punto ne fosse stato tenuto all’oscuro. L’amara sorpresa è che tutti sapevano: la sua ex moglie, i parenti, i conoscenti. Si rende conto di aver vissuto in un vero Truman Show di cui era l’inconsapevole protagonista.
La nostra intenzione è quella di affrontare questi eventi catamnesticamente evidenziando e analizzando attraverso un workshop/performance le evoluzioni psichiche del trauma che si svolgono durante il corso della psicoterapia.
Di particolare interesse sono i fenomeni dissociativi e le dinamiche del complesso tra le parti della personalità coinvolte nel processo di reazione al trauma, oltre alle implicazioni del “segreto” familiare nella strutturazione della personalità stessa.

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Michel Wieser  (Austria)

Simposium/Panel – English – German

CENTENARY OF THE JOURNAL “DER NEUE DAIMON” (THE NEW DAIMON)

Keywords: Daimon; Jakob Levy Moreno in Austria; expressionism in literature; encounter

Topics: Psychodrama; social trauma; the contribution of art in trauma situations

Kind of presentation, didactic: Lecture with slides
Facilities: power point presentation

Author=presenter: Michael Wieser
Department of Psychology, Alpen-Adria-Universität Klagenfurt

Abstract:
Jacob Levy Moreno was an important editor for expressionistic literature at the end of World War I around Vienna. The journal DER NEUE DAIMON (THE NEW DAIMON, 1919) was meant to help overcome the struggles after a revolutionary time and find a way to a new democracy. After 100 years, the lecture will cover who contributed to the journal, who were the publishers, and what followed after. We will ask what stays important for the 21st century
Learning outcomes: You will get some insight in Moreno Levy´s early writings and publishing in Austria.

Methodology: historical document analysis

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Judith Teszary (Sweden)

Workshop – English – Swedish

TO BE OR NOT TO BE?

Psychosomatic and psychodrama

“To be, or not to be: that is the question: Whether ‘tis nobler in the mind to suffer

the slings and arrows of outrageous fortune, or to take arms against a sea of troubles, and by opposing end them?” W. Shakespeare, Hamlet (III. act)

That was also the question and the soliloquy of many of my psychosomatic patients. Is it worth to live this life with all the pain and suffering? Or is it better to “ take arms against a sea of troubles, and by opposing end them?”

In this workshop I will demonstrate how we took arms and turned the hopeless static position into a creative life worth living. Hamlet asked an actor’s company to enact a play about what was behind his troubles.

In my psychodrama groups the patients played out what was behind their diseases. The spiral process of psychodrama helped to find the origin of the symptom building and the connections with the painful traumatic life events.

In this workshop you can experience the method and techniques we developed in my psychosomatic work:

Building the bridge between body and soul create a dialog between you and your symptoms.

How does your symptom/s influence your life?

WORKSHOP FOCUS

*Mentalisation can transform the physical symptom into mental levels:

*Differentiating and expressing of feelings;

*Developing functioning roles instead of the dominating and overdeveloped psychosomatic role/s;

*Elaborate the traumatic events

*Salutogenic approach  –  replay and relive the health history- the situations when everything was joyful and perfect.

*Systemic approach – Repair the support system

*Role training and role development of the underdeveloped roles or/and building up the missing roles.

*Surplus reality/Redoing –  how things could have happened

 ALL LEVELS OF EXPERIENCE WELCOME!

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Elaine Ades Sachnoff  (USA)

Workshop – English – Spanish

WHO SHALL SURVIVE?
SPONTANEITY TESTS FOR OUR WORLD
Through the ages the species that were able to adapt were the ones that survived-not the fittest but the most spontaneous.
Changing their diet, their location, changing physically :developing lungs from gills,arms from appendages,;walking upright
If something needed to change for survival it did.
Once physical survival was assured interactive behaviors that needed to change began to be recognized once wo/man had the leisure, the means and the desire to examine their lives and relationships
Moreno’s Spontaneity Tests can provide clues to aid in our survival in the current fractious and dangerous political climate of our world today
We will do some current world situations as Spontaneity tests two ways-the first our “gut” reaction what we would love to say or do the second the more “strategic reaction
and the audience will make action-suggestions
At the end we will share and compare what would be appropriate and safe in our own countries.

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Michael Wieser (Austria) – Gabriela Moita (Portugal)

Workshop – English – Spanish

The dictatorship of love relationships
Exploring the love model in psychodrama

This workshop aims to draw attention to a social organization which impels us to the search for a type of life organization, for the satisfaction of our attachment needs; recognition; belonging; acceptance; and finally well-being or even happiness, by means of conjugality relations or love relations. It is expected, in addition, for those relationships to be the basic support of what is called “nuclear family”. On the other hand, is also underlined that this kind of relationships is so conditioned by the religious, legal regulatory bodies, and even by science that becomes possible to typify the outbreaks of malaise leading to support requests. The conductors elect psychodrama as the social/group and individual reflection model on analyzing these relationships and organization.
Keywords: Couples, Psychodrama Love, Support community, Attachment, Sexual attraction.
Reference: Moita, G., & Wieser, M. A. (2018). The dictatorship of love relationships. Zeitschrift Für Psychodrama Und Soziometrie, 17(1), 21–32. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11620-017-0425-6

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Kersti Weiß  (Germany)

Workshop – English  Spanish (Costa Rica)

change-reflection-action
Changingprocesses in organisations, society and personal life –
Dynamic view and understanding in Coaching, Supervision and organsationaldevelopment by
psychodramatic and sociodramatic ways to get new competences of acting and survive in difficult situations. Theory and methods and sharing experiences.

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Michela Fiore – Vivienne Meli  (Italy)

Workshop – Italian – English (UK)

“Il sole nella nebbia. Giocare un cambiamento possibile”
Un’esperienza di psicodramma con donne vittime di violenza.

“L’umana compagnia,
Tutti fra se confederati estima
Gli uomini, e tutti abbraccia
Con vero amor, porgendo
Valida e pronta ed aspettando aita
Negli alterni perigli e nelle angosce
Della guerra comune.”
Leopardi, La Ginestra, o fiore del deserto, 1845

Ci piace pensare alla terapia di gruppo con la stessa poeticità e forza di speranza evocata dalla ginestra, fiore in grado di emanare il suo profumo anche in luoghi desertici e dimenticati, fiore che è insieme simbolo di fratellanza, convivenza umana fondata sulla
solidarietà, consapevolezza individuale e coraggio intellettuale.
Il percorso di psicodramma che abbiamo condotto con un gruppo di donne vittime di violenza è stato un viaggio attraverso ruoli inesplorati, rappresentazioni conflittuali e immagini evocative e dense di emozioni.
Figlie, donne, madri.
Confusione, conflitto, non vedere niente d’altro, protezione, sacrificio, simmetria, piacere, spazio, forza del gruppo, cercare il sole nella nebbia…
L’esperienza di psicodramma ha permesso di attraversare sentieri intrecciati di storie individuali, immagini di futuri possibili anche dopo relazioni traumatiche.
Il trauma paralizza, lascia senza parole, evoca la morte; l’imponente sistema difensivo arcaico attivato da gravi situazioni traumatiche ostacola la possibilità per l’individuo di vivere nel mondo con modalità spontaneistiche. Il poter riattivare la propria parte creativa contrasta il senso di impotenza, di passività, di perdita di controllo sulla propria esistenza, che caratterizzano le vite di donne che hanno subito violenza.
Il gioco psicodrammatico ha, infatti, stimolato movimento e spontaneità e lo spazio scenico del gruppo ha rappresentato un luogo sicuro in cui le donne hanno potuto tracciare nuovi fili narrativi delle loro esperienze.

“The sun through the fog. Playing a possible change.”

An experience of psychodrama with women victims of violence. 

We like thinking of group therapy with the same poetry and force of hope evoked by the  broom, a flower which can give off its perfume even in desert and forgotten places,  a flower which is altogether symbol of brotherhood,  human coexistence based on solidarity,  individual awareness and intellectual courage. The path of psychodrama which we have conducted  with a group of women victims  of violence has been a journey through unexplored roles, conflicting representations, evocative images dense of emotions.

Daughters, women, mothers. Confusion, conflict, seeing nothing else, protection, sacrifice, symmetry, pleasure, space, group strength, looking  for the sun in the fog… The experience of psychodrama has allowed to cross  intertwined paths of individual stories, images of possible futures  even after traumatic relationships. Trauma paralyses, leaves wordless, evokes death; the imposing archaic defensive system activated by serious traumatic situations  hinders the possibility for the individual to live in the world with spontaneous modalities.

Being able to reactivate one’s creative part counteracts the sense of impotence, of passivity, of loss of control over one’s existence, which characterize the lives of women who have suffered violence. The psychodramatic play, in fact, stimulated movement and spontaneity, and the group’s stage space represented  a safe place where the women were able to trace new narrative threads of their experiences.

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Angela Sordano  (Italy)

Workshop – Italian – English

Groups with adolescents : the leader’s function to let the group survive.
Social media languages, trauma dissociation , multiculturality in adolescents groups obstacle creativity, symbolization and the construction of a cohesive dynamic.
Cases will be presented in an experiential way.

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Paola de Leonardis  (Italy)

Workshop – Italian – English

THE EMOTIONAL COMMUNICATION
A way for preventing, managing, and resolving conflicts

General Goal

Many handbooks teach us what an effective communication is; many methods train us on how to gain communication skills. In this workshop we will experience that the main key for an effective communication is to get in touch with our own feelings, and to find a way of expressing them considering the other one’s feelings.

“Follow the emotion” is the guiding light of the psychodrama process, and it is an important factor for recognizing and exploring inner bonds, as well as the magic land of desire. It is also a very important aspect in communication, verbal and not verbal, formal as well as informal, in couples and in groups, in peacetime and in wartime.
Emotional communication can prevent, manage, and resolve conflicts. It helps to loosen difficult situations and to get out of the vicious circle of frozen relationships.
The psychodramatic process and the technique of the meta-communication will help us to bring out our best resources in conflicts.
Feelings are our strength and cogency, our expressivity and reliability in communicating.

Paola de Leonardis founded the “Centro Studi di Psicodramma” in Milano in 1996 and is in charge of the annexed “Psychodrama Training Institute”.
She wrote “Lo scarto del cavallo – Lo psicodramma come intervento nei piccoli gruppi”, a basic book on psychodrama and groups approaches, published in 1994 and re-published in new editions till nowadays. She is the author of 27 scientific articles on psychodrama and is the Editor of the Italian psychodrama journal “Psicodramma Classico” since 1999 (Publ. AIPsiM, ISSN 2239-0154).

La comunicazione emotiva: un modo per prevenire, gestire, risolvere i conflitti

Obiettivi del laboratorio

Esistono molti manuali che ci dicono com’è la comunicazione efficace; molti metodi ci insegnano come sviluppare le capacità necessarie. Nel laboratorio sperimenteremo che la principale chiave di accesso a una comunicazione efficace è entrare in contatto con le proprie emozioni, trovare un modo per esprimerle tenendo conto del contesto e delle emozioni dell’interlocutore.

“Segui l’emozione” è la luce-guida del processo psicodrammatico, ed è un fattore importante per riconoscere ed esplorare i propri confini interni, come pure le magiche distese del desiderio. E’ anche un aspetto molto importante nella comunicazione, verbale e non verbale, formale e informale, in coppia e nei gruppi, in guerra come in pace.

La comunicazione emotiva può prevenire, gestire, risolvere un conflitto. Aiuta a sciogliere situazioni difficili e ad uscire dal circolo vizioso di relazioni cristallizzate.

Il processo psicodrammatico e le tecniche di meta-comunicazione ci aiuteranno a individuare le nostre migliori risorse in situazioni di coglitto.

Le emozioni sono la nostra forza e capacità di persuasione, la nostra espressività e affidabilità nel comunicare.

Paola de Leonardis ha creato il “Centro Studi di Psicodramma” di Milano nel 1996 ed è responsabile dell’annessa Scuola di Psicodramma e Metodi Attivi, attiva dal 1999. Il suo libro “Lo scarto del cavallo – Lo psicodramma come intervento nei piccoli gruppi”, pubblicato nel 1994, è rimasto un testo base sullo psicodramma e sugli approcci psicoterapeutici e formativi di gruppo, ed ha avuto continue ri-edizioni fino ad oggi. E’ autrice di 27 articoli scientifici e dal 1999 è direttore responsabile della rivista “Psicodramma Classico” (Edizioni AIPsiM, ISSN 2239-0154).

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Giulio Gasca (Italy)

Simposium/Panel

THE IMAGINAL DIMENSION IN THE ANALYTICAL PSYCHODRAMA FOR INDIVIDUATION

Alongside the somatic and social dimensions, the roles in the role-project theory of Analytical Psychodrama for individuation are characterized by the imaginal dimension linked to the exploration of that which is possible, of the meanings of symbols, and of the dialogue between the conscious and the unconscious.

Now, if the Analytical Psychodrama for individuation usually involves only real present or past moments of the protagonist’s life, the Virtual Scenes are an exception. They belong to three categories, i.e., future or alternative scenes; scenes of events “narrated” by others but useful to explore the transgenerational dynamics; and scenes from movies, books, myths, and even dreams of someone else, on which the protagonist has projected his/her inner parts. The way in which these scenes are “played” and their objectives can be defined as a function of the imaginal dimension, which is also crucial in investigating the meaning of dreams.

LA DIMENSIONE IMMAGINALE NELLO PSICODRAMMA ANALITICO INDIVIDUATIVO
Accanto alle dimensioni somatica e sociale i ruoli, nella teoria dei ruoli-progetto dello Psicodramma Analitico Individuativo, sono caratterizzati dalla dimensione immaginale, legata all’esplorazione del possibile, dei significati dei simboli e del dialogo tra coscienza e inconscio.
Ora, se nello Psicodramma Analitico, abitualmente si giocano solo momenti reali attuali o passati, della vita del protagonista, fanno eccezione le Scene Virtuali. Esse appartengono a tre categorie: scene future o alternative; scene di eventi “raccontati” da altri, utili a esplorare le dinamiche transgenerazionali; scene tratte da film, libri, miti e persino sogni altrui, su cui il protagonista ha proiettato sue parti interne. Le modalità con cui vengono “giocate” tali scene e i loro obiettivi sono definibili in funzione della dimensione immaginale, la quale è anche fondamentale nell’approfondire il significato dei sogni.

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Francesca Pelizzoni – Liliana Nicoletti (Italy)

Workshop – Italian -English

Voci negate:
un laboratorio tratto da un esperimento di costruzione di uno spettacolo teatrale partendo dalla metodologia psicodrammatica.
La ricerca interiore si muove nel teatro interno cercando di una parte di sè che fatica a trovare una via d’espressione, un palcoscenico, un posto nel mondo. Il protagonista gioca nella sua scena questa parte con l’obiettivo di guadagnarsi la sua via espressiva.
La parte di sè prende maggior definizione, anche attraverso le interazioni con i propri contro-ruoli, e la sua verità soggettiva si afferma sulla scena. La si osserva, la si rende consapevole e si trasforma la parte di sè in personaggio attraverso il linguaggio teatrale.
Da ciò si costruisce una cornice narrativa che la contenga.

Denied voices:
a workshop based on an experiment in constructing a theatrical performance, starting from the psychodramatic methodology.
The inner research moves in the internal theater, trying to find a part of himself that is struggling to find a way of expression, a stage, a place in the world.
The protagonist plays this part in his scene with the aim of earning his expressive path.
The part of himself takes more definition, also through the interactions with his own counter-roles, and his subjective truth is affirmed on the scene.
One observes it, makes it aware and transforms the part of oneself into a character through theatrical language.From this we build a narrative frame that contains it.

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Melinda Meyer (Norway)

Workshop – English – Norwegian

Enhancing identity and a sense of belonging in a new culture after traumatic events

The Expressive Arts in Transition (EXIT) research project and results will be presented. The study is quantitative and qualitative. There are 208 unaccompanied minor boys in the project between the age of 15 and 18.
EXIT is developed for stabilizing people who live under extreme stress and/or have survived human or nature induced trauma. EXIT focuses on enhancing movement, imagination, engagement, connection, here and now, safety and responsibility. A film with the participants participating in the early intervention will be shown and the results will be presented and discussed.

The lecture and film will give the participants an opportunity to understand community art work with participants who suffer from trauma, stress and loss.

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Ivan Fossati – Lucia Moretto (Italy)

Workshop – Italian – English

Identità e stereotipi di genere
Gender Identity and Stereotypes

Un laboratorio per esplorare con lo psicodramma l’identità e gli stereotipi di genere, tra variabili temporali (generazioni a confronto) e spaziali (nazionalità in dialogo).

A workshop to explore gender identity and stereotypes with psychodrama, between temporal variables (generations in comparison) and spatial variables (nationalities in dialogue).

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Chantal Nève Hanquet (Belgium)

Workshop – French – English

Monodrama and psychodrama with couples

The experience of psychodrama in individual therapeutic work and couple therapy offers many interests. Doubling can have the effect of touching the emotional experience, of feeling understood, of reinforcing an identity effect. The role change allows the protagonist to experience what an antagonist is going through in the therapeutic work. Together, the interest of this role taking will be decided. Psychodramatic games allow us to experience from within what has been played in a scene in the history of the past or present protagonist(s). The seminar will provide an opportunity to experience these different aspects of individual and couple therapy. It will be in French with simultaneous translation into English.

Explorer les histoires familiales par le génogramme paysager

Mots clefs : Transmission, psychodrame, histoire familiale,creativité

Orientations théoriques: Psychodrame, Analyse jungienne et analyse systémique

Grâce à la créativité de ce génogramme spécifique, le récit d’une personne, d’un groupe, d’une institution ou d’une société est activé. Chaque session apporte ses  surprises et est, dans une certaine mesure, imprévisible. Cette technique thérapeutique a été mise au point par Chantal Nève-Hanquet et Jacques Pluymaekers, il y a plus de vingt ans. Le grand avantage du génogramme  paysager par rapport au génogramme classique est qu’il génère une plus grande flexibilité, étant libéré des règles du génogramme. L’atelier donnera l’expérience de cette pratique. Chaque personne sera invitée à créer son propre génogramme  paysager.
Un jeu  psychodramatique peut être initié à partir des échos du groupe en référence à chaque création. L’atelier se déroulera en français, avec traduction en anglais / italien

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Luciano Mocci  (Italy)

Simposium – Italian – English

CONNESSIONI UMANE: LA METODOLOGIA DELLO PSICODRAMMA AL SERVIZIO DELLA COMUNITÀ INTERCULTURALE
CONNEXIONS è un progetto di teatro sociale, avviato nell’Aprile 2016, nato per offrire uno spazio creativo ed espressivo e parallelamente di integrazione e socializzazione ai richiedenti asilo accolti presso i Centri CAS e SPRAR delle Cooperative del Consorzio CO&SO di Pistoia. Il laboratorio ha utilizzato metodi attivi di lavoro in gruppo e le metodologie dello psicodramma e del playback theatre con l’obiettivo di promuovere esperienze di incontro e comunicazione fra i partecipanti in grado di superare le differenze linguistiche e culturali. Alcuni elementi simbolici universali hanno fatto da riferimento per connettere storie ed esperienze vissute da persone diverse in contesti culturali differenti, connesse fra loro in quanto esperienze della comune storia di ogni essere umano, piccole particelle della più grande storia universale dell’uomo. La musica, il movimento e la danza hanno offerto un grande supporto alle attività del laboratorio e hanno permesso di realizzare una performance teatrale che ha debuttato a MIToS il Meeting Italiano di Teatro Sociale a Lucca e che si è replicata al Teatro Bolognini di Pistoia nell’ambito delle iniziative di Pistoia Capitale delle Cultura 2017. Nella performance teatrale sono state messe in scena le storie di alcuni richiedenti asilo con l’accompagnamento dal vivo della Connexions band, un gruppo musicale multietnico che si è costituito nel corso del laboratorio. The Connexions band ha realizzato alcuni concerti per il Comune di Pistoia e tuttora fa performance musicali in ambito territoriale per connettere, socializzare, sensibilizzare la cittadinanza sulle tematiche collegate all’immigrazione e nell’ambito delle attività di integrazione del progetto SPRAR, ha ottenuto un finanziamento che ha permesso di registrare il proprio repertorio in un cd musicale.

HUMAN CONNECTIONS: THE METHODOLOGY OF PSYCHODRAMA FOR THE INTERCULTURAL COMMUNITY
CONNEXIONS is a social theater project, launched in April 2016, created to offer a creative and expressive and parallel space of integration and socialization for refugees in CAS and SPRAR Centers of the Cooperatives of the CO&SO Consortium of Pistoia. The laboratory used active methods of group work and psychodrama and playback theater methodologies with the aim of promoting encounter and communication experiences among participants able to overcome linguistic and cultural differences. Some universal symbolic elements have served as a reference to connect stories and experiences lived by different people in different cultural contexts, connected to each other as experiences of the common history of every human being, small particles of the greatest universal human history. The music, the movement and the dance offered a great support to the activities of the laboratory and allowed to realize a theatrical performance that debuted at MIToS the Italian Meeting of Teatro Sociale in Lucca and which was repeated at the Teatro Bolognini of Pistoia in the initiatives of Pistoia Capital of Culture 2017. In the theatrical performance the stories of some refugees with the live accompaniment of the Connexions band were staged, a multi-ethnic musical group that was formed during the workshop. The Connexions band has performed some concerts for the Municipality of Pistoia and still performs musical performances in the territorial area to connect, socialize, raise citizenship awareness on issues related to immigration and as part of the integration activities of the SPRAR project, has obtained funding which allowed them to record their repertoire in a musical CD.

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Luciano Mocci (Italy)

Simposium – Italian – English

PSICODRAMMA E TEATRO DELLA SPONTANEITÀ: DALLA COMUNITA’ TERAPEUTICA ALLA COMUNITÀ TERRITORIALE
RIPRENDERSI è un progetto di teatro sociale realizzato in una Comunità Terapeutica per il trattamento delle farmaco/tossicodipendenze anche associate a disturbi psichiatrici. Nel laboratorio, attivato all’interno della comunità, le metodologie dello psicodramma sono state il fondamento del lavoro in gruppo: hanno offerto ai partecipanti una buona base di conoscenza e di fiducia reciproca. Il teatro della spontaneità è stato invece l’ambito attraverso il quale il gruppo dei partecipanti ha potuto sperimentarsi e ritrovare la propria creatività per ideare e realizzare una performance teatrale che ha rappresentato l’azione conclusiva del laboratorio. La performance teatrale è stata rappresentata in due spazi teatrali pubblici con il patrocinio e la co-promozione del Comune di Pistoia. Nello spettacolo i partecipanti al laboratorio nel ruolo di attori hanno messo in scena alcune tematiche connesse alla tossicodipendenza: il rapporto con la propria dipendenza, le oscillazioni dell’umore, le dinamiche familiari, il vuoto ma anche la voglia di andare oltre l’ipocrisia e di riscoprire la bellezza della semplicità e degli incontri, tutti elementi che nella realtà sono dentro le loro stesse storie di vita. RIPRENDERSI ha significato un risveglio della coscienza e della consapevolezza dal torpore e dalla falsa eccitazione delle sostanze, una volontà di riconquistare il proprio corpo, la propria identità e autenticità per recuperare le relazioni importanti, ma anche un guardarsi reciprocamente con cura e attenzione, proprio come accade nel gruppo di comunità. È stato inoltre riprendersi con la telecamera per potersi dopo guardare da un punto di vista esterno, vedersi da fuori mentre si vive, realizzando un video che è stato proiettato prima della messa in scena della performance teatrale conclusiva.

PSYCHODRAMA AND THEATER OF SPONTANEITY: FROM THERAPEUTIC COMMUNITY TO TERRITORIAL COMMUNITY
RIPRENDERSI is a social theater project carried out in a Therapeutic Community for the treatment of drug addiction also associated with psychiatric disorders. In the laboratory, activated within the community, the psychodrama methodologies were the foundation of group work: they offered participants a good base of knowledge and mutual trust. The theater of spontaneity was instead the area through which the group of participants was able to experiment and rediscover their creativity to design and create a theatrical performance that represented the conclusive action of the laboratory. The theatrical performance was represented in two public theatrical spaces under the patronage and co-promotion of the Municipality of Pistoia. In the show, the participants in the laboratory, in the role of actors, staged some issues related to drug addiction: the relationship with one’s dependence, mood swings, family dynamics, emptiness but also the desire to go beyond hypocrisy and to rediscover the beauty of simplicity and encounters, all elements that in reality are within their own life stories. RIPRENDERSI has meant a reawakening of consciousness and awareness from the torpor and false excitement of substances, a desire to regain one’s body, one’s identity and authenticity to recover important relationships, but also to look at each other with care and attention, just like happens in the community group. It was also a recovery with the camera to be able to look at it from an external point of view, see yourself from outside while living, making a video that was screened before the final theatrical performance was staged.

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Tatiana Sicouri – Luciano Mocci (Italy)

Workshop – Italian – English

Workshop esperienziale sul ruolo professionale. Musica improvvisata ed esplorazione del movimento spontaneo. Gruppo condotto con approccio psicodrammatico e metodo MED©

La relazione di cura ci pone spesso a dover decodificare sistemi comunicativi non usuali, ad anticipare risposte e azioni impulsive ed a gestire contenuti di natura simbolica connessi a processi corporei in una area ‘proto-mentale’. CONFINE, FLUSSO E INTENSITA’ sono elementi di base centrali nei processi somatici in gioco nella relazione di cura, in ambito clinico-psichiatrico e nella disabilità, specialmente nelle situazioni in cui sono preponderanti gli elementi non verbali ed è frequente l’acting out. Tali elementi saranno i nuclei di lavoro del workshop, che si propone di accrescere la consapevolezza dei processi somatici di base in gioco nella relazione di cura, di declinare il proprio ruolo professionale in una dimensione personale e corporea, per orientare al meglio le proprie risorse nelle relazioni di cura in ambito educativo e psicoterapeutico. 

Workshop on professional role. Improvised love music and movement exploration in spontaneous attitude. Group experience psychodramatically based and MED© somatic movement.

Care relationships let us very often in unusual communication systems, difficult to decode. We try to anticipate answers with impulsive actions, to hand on symbolic meanings, blended to somatic processes in a sort of proto-menthal area.
BORDER, FLOW AND INTENSITY are basic elements, key points in somatic processes of care relationships, in psychiatric and psychological area as much as in disability area. Expecially in disability, non-verbal elements become central about acting out behaviours. During the workshop we focus on those key elements, working on consciousness somatic processes effecting on care relationship. Professional role will be discovered in the somatic as much as in personal aspects, to better direct professional expertise in therapeutic and educational work.

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Sandro Papale – Marina Brinchi (Italy)

Workshop – Italian – English

Il desiderio d’amore nel teatro del sogno

In questo workshop andremo ad esplorare attraverso lo Psicodramma Junghiano le differenti configurazioni e declinazioni dell’amore nel senso più ampio del termine.
Amare, essere amati e vivere questa dimensione parla di noi, della nostra identità e della nostra anima, ma la dimensione amorosa, in tutte le sue forme, rimane sospesa tra l’ideale ed il reale e tra il sogno e la realtà.
Lo psicodramma junghiano offre la possibilità ai partecipanti di esplora-re come l’amore configura il nostro mondo interno e come il nostro mondo interno influenza le nostre relazioni d’amore, in un eterno dialettico scambio di parole ed emozioni.
Attraverso un worming up mirato, l’incubazione dei sogni e la messa in scena psicodrammatica del sogno, accompagneremo i sognatori nel viaggio che il sogno traccia e permetteremo loro di sperimentare e dar voce alle parti interiori rappresentate mettendo in scena quello che l’immagine onirica racconta tradotto in movimenti, azioni, cambi di ruolo e condivisione di vissuti con l’altro attraverso il vissuto simile al proprio ed attraverso i contenuti che in esso emergono.

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Marina Brinchi – Sandro Papale (Italy)

Simposium – Italian – English

When the word is done action: the Body in Group psychotherapy

In private practice with neurotic patients and in the public with psy-chotics, Jungian psychodrama returns a significant therapeutic experi-ence to body, movement, action. This valence gives the therapist to bring out the dialectic interaction between the “therapy of the word” and the non-verbal expression of the experiences activating an effec-tive psychotherapeutic process.
Through the Jungian psychodrama, the neurotic patients – who often for defense split the word from the body or vice versa – regain the evocative value of the gesture and the symbolic value of the word al-lowing an attribution of meaning to one’s life.
Psychotic patients – whose ability to express themselves verbally can be reduced, inadequate or compromised by delirious contents – return to co-municate from bodily expression as a vehicle of thought.

Quando la parola si fa azione: il corpo nella psicoterapia di gruppo

Nella pratica privata con i pazienti nevrotici e in quella pubblica con i pazienti psicotici, lo psicodramma junghiano restituisce una significati-va valenza terapeutica al corpo, al movimento, all’azione. Questa va-lenza permette al terapeuta di far emergere l’interazione dialettica tra la “terapia della parola” e l’espressione non verbale dei vissuti attivan-do un efficace processo psicoterapeutico.
Attraverso lo psicodramma junghiano, i pazienti nevrotici – che spesso per difesa scindono la parola dal corpo o viceversa – riacquistano il va-lore evocativo del gesto ed il valore simbolico della parola permetten-do un’attribuzione di senso alla propria vita.
I pazienti psicotici – la cui capacità di esprimersi verbalmente può esse-re ridotta, inadeguata o compromessa da contenuti deliranti – tornano a comunicare a partire dall’espressione corporea come veicolo del pensiero.

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Maurizio Gasseau  (Italy)

Workshop – English – Italian

WHO SHALL SURVIVE TO ECONOMIC TRANSFORMATION, TRAUMATIC MIGRATIONS, CLIMATIC CHANGE, WARS ?
INVESTIGATION OF COLLECTIVE UNCONSCIOUSNESS THROUGH DREAMS AND SHARING TOGETHER.

Conductor Maurizio Gasseau, University of Valle d’Aosta – Italy

We had strong transformations in many countries: economic crisis, traumatic migrations, unemployment, climatic change, environmental disasters, terrorism, wars! How is the Anima Mundi?
We will share together dreams, memories and expectations to investigate personal and collective unconsciousness reactions to these phenomena and what suggestions the wisdom of dreams will give us.
The conductor will present new warm up techniques – suitable for transcultural work – integrating Moreno’s sociometry and Jungian active imagination exercises. He will demonstrate the dream incubation technique according to the ancient medicine of Asclepion and the utilization of opening and closing rituals to contain the unconsciousness force and elaborate collective trauma. Psychodrama can be used to create a safe place and paths of change for the most severe traumatization. Psychodrama creates a place to act out unprocessed trauma within the containment of therapy in order to stop the obsessive repetition of the past. Jungian psychodrama can help to play traumatic experience trough symbolic representations and the wisdom of dream-play. Often victim of trauma split out their feelings and in the play it is important to play the role of the heart or the role of the feeling of the protagonist to integrate the emotional dimension. Two or three dreams will be played. Dreams convey the transformative wisdom of the unconscious, allowing emotionaly charged material to become easly accessibile to the consciousness, activating intrapsychic and intersubjective change. The group will take place within a ritualistic framework, creating a safe space to advance personal and social healing. After the final sharing, there will be an observation which will communicate the sense of the dreams will try to connect individual themes to the group’s collective unconsciousness as well as to the transcultural themes.

WHO SHALL SURVIVE ALLE TRASFORMAZIONI ECONOMICHE, ALLE MIGRAZIONI TRAUMATICHE, AI CAMBIAMENTI CLIMATICI, ALLE GUERRE ? ESPLORIAMO L’INCONSCIO COLLETTIVO ATTRAVERSO SOGNI E CONDIVISIONI

Conduttore Maurizio Gasseau, Università della Valle d’Aosta – Italia

Abbiamo avuto forti trasformazioni in molti paesi: crisi economiche, migrazioni traumatiche, disoccupazione, cambiamenti climatici, disastri ambientali, terrorismo, guerre! Come sta l’Anima Mundi?
Condivideremo insieme sogni, ricordi e aspettative per esplorare le reazioni dell’inconscio personale e collettivo a questi fenomeni e quali suggerimenti ci darà la saggezza dei sogni. Il conduttore presenterà nuove tecniche di riscaldamento – adatte al lavoro transculturale – integrando la sociometria di Moreno e gli esercizi di immaginazione attiva junghiana. Dimostrerà la tecnica dell’incubazione dei sogni secondo l’antica medicina di Asclepio e l’utilizzo dei rituali di apertura e chiusura per contenere le forze inconsce ed elaborare il trauma collettivo. Lo psicodramma può essere usato per creare uno spazio sicuro e percorsi di trasformazione per le vittime di trauma. Lo psicodramma crea uno spazio in cui elaborare il trauma all’interno di una dimensione contenitiva affettiva relazionale per fermare la ripetizione ossessiva del passato. Lo psicodramma junghiano può aiutare a elaborare esperienze traumatiche attraverso le rappresentazioni simboliche e la saggezza del gioco onirico. Spesso le vittime di trauma dissociano il sentimento e nel gioco è importante interpretare il ruolo del cuore o il ruolo del sentimento del protagonista per integrare la dimensione emotiva. Verranno rappresentati due o tre sogni. I sogni trasmettono la saggezza trasformativa dell’inconscio, permettendo al materiale emerso di diventare facilmente accessibile alla coscienza.

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Sergio Guimares (Brasil)

Workshop – English – Spanish

“Back to the Basics: Moreno,
the Rabbit and the Tree of Psychodrama”

Forty-five years after his death, J. L. Moreno will have his name once again uttered by many during this International Conference. Nevertheless, his books are unfortunately still not well known, and his ideas are not always acknowledged.

Let’s take a concrete example regarding both basic data about his life and the method he created, generically known as “psychodrama”. Not even the dictionary of the American Psychological Association (APA) escapes misunderstandings and inaccuracies. Although it was in the United States where Moreno lived most of his life (1925-1974) and systematized his work, the first edition of the APA book, published in 2007, wrongly reports that the Romanian-born creator of psychodrama was “Austrian-born”. In addition, it reduces his method to a “psychotherapy technique”, limiting also its five components to only three (protagonist, director and auxiliary egos), while simply ignoring the other two (stage and group).

In the same vein, most of the books already published on the subject continue to favor the definition of the method as therapy. Even within this area, the classification proposed by Moreno in the 1950s – in which he explicitly mentioned four subcategories of therapeutic psychodrama, namely “prevention”, “diagnosis”, “treatment” and “rehabilitation” – is almost always forgotten.

The idea of this workshop is to present clearly the unpublished diagram drawn by Moreno for what he called “General System of Psychodramatic Methods” , found among his papers filed at Harvard University, Boston, USA. It is about going back to the modern roots of psychodrama and making use of the words of the creator of the method himself. In his “The Theatre of Spontaneity” (1947), for instance, he explicitly states that “the theatre for psychodrama stems from the theatre of spontaneity which had originally nothing to do with therapy”.

To illustrate the proposed diagram in a more lively fashion, I will take the image of the tree, which the young Jacob Levy used in the Viennese parks during his encounters with children, as told in his autobiography: “One of my favorite pastimes was to sit at the foot of a large tree and let the children come and listen to a fairy tale. (…) Often I moved from the foot of the tree and sat higher, on a branch”. Through this allegory, Moreno will then meet the rabbit Churro and the cactus, his “auxiliary ego”, a drawing recently created by Argentine graphic artist Gastón Caba.

The aim is to show the participants that the method imagined by Moreno includes three equally important branches: (1) “Exploratory/Experimental Psychodrama”; (2) “Therapeutic Psychodrama”, with its already mentioned four subcategories, and (3) “Teaching/Educational Psychodrama”.

We will then have the opportunity to practice each of these three modalities and to verify the necessary links between them, as can be ascertained when educational aspects are necessarily found whenever “preventive therapeutic psychodrama” is to be performed, or experimental aspects being identified when psychodrama in a therapeutic context is to be played.
Participants will also be invited to look at the other side of the tree, and will have the opportunity to come into direct contact with the indispensable sociodrama. Once again, we will go back to Moreno’s own words, from 1943, when he introduced for the first time the concept of sociodrama, explaining that “the roles which represent collective ideas and experiences are called sociodramatic roles, those representing individual ideas and experiences, psychodramatic roles. But we know from our experiments that these two forms of role-playing can never be truly separated.” His conclusion was crystal clear: “Every role is therefore a fusion of private, and collective elements. Every role has two sides, a private and a collective side.” (Five footnotes not included due to lack of space).

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Stefano Padoan – Alessandra Bruno (Italy)

Simposium – Italian – English

Formare alle relazioni curanti con la facilitazione psicodrammatica

La facilitazione dei gruppi di operatori nel training sanitario con lo psicodramma rappresenta un ambito di applicazione fondamentale del nostro approccio scenico e relazionale perché permette ai professionisti della salute e della cura di esplorare in modo profondo e condiviso i modi abilitanti ed inabilitanti con cui entrano quotidianamente in contatto con i loro pazienti. Nel nostro intervento intendiamo presentare i risultati dell’applicazione dello psicodramma estetico-relazionale nel training degli operatori di cura in contesti professionali complessi nei quali, intervenendo sulle dimensioni estetiche ed espressive del lavoro scenico attraverso la teatralizzazione e la drammatizzazione dei gesti di cura, abbiamo promosso una maggiore consapevolezza affettiva e una rinnovata capacità di modulare le risposte emotive nell’incontro curante. Verranno descritte, in particolare, le nostre principali iniziative di formazione e di supervisione condotte nei differenti dipartimenti dell’Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria “Città della Scienza e della Salute” di Torino, iniziative con le quali abbiamo coinvolto centinaia di operatori e di operatrici in quasi dieci anni di consulenza al ruolo con l’approccio psicodrammatico estetico-relazionale che promuoviamo con il nostro Istituto “Proscenia”.

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Yeşim Türköz (Turkey)

Poster – English

Attachment, Memory and Psychodrama:*

The impact of early attachment patterns on development of memory systems and restructuring of memories in psychodrama

Yeşim Türköz,PhD Clinical Psychologist Psychodrama Therapist and Trainer

The most important early interpersonal patterns are coded on subcortical neural structures which rapidly complete their development soon after the birth. Development of cortical structures takes a gradual process which continue across several years of life. Early mother-child attachment patterns (secure or insecure) develop mostly in the first year literally before the development of cortical neural systems which are necessary for explicit memory. Since the only memory system is implicit memory in the first year, early attachment experiences are far from conscious and declerative retrieval. Therefore in order to work on insecure attachment patterns in psychotherapy, it is necessary to track the traces of senses, emotions and actions through a close contact with the body. Psychodrama is a psychotherapy system which fulfills this need because it enables us to work on somatic, psychic and social roles simultaneously. Affective and body reactions from implicit memory are integrated with episodic memory scenes and semantic clarifications of explicit memory on psychodramatic trips. This is at the same time an integration of memory systems which is possible by means of action insight.

This presentation is about power of Psychodrama on integrating different memorial systems in relation with early attachment patterns. It is an interpersonal psychotherapy system which provides us with a secure base for restructuring insecure attachment patterns and forming new healing bonds with life.

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Isil Bulut  (Turkey)

Simposium – English – Turkish

Child Abuse Survivars
Children involved physical, emotional and gender violence beleive that, they have no way out. It is possible to empower them by group therapy.
We planned a group with 12 girls between 12-15 years old and had 14 group sessions with them. It was an encounter group. We used psychodramatic warming up techniques. After four meetings they started to talk each other about their life. They helped each other to gain power. They shared solution technigues. Group was a safe place for them.
At the end, they felt more strong themselves to solve their problems.
My presentation involve all this process, techniques used and successfulness.

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Antonio Conte  (Italy)

Workshop – Italian – English

La spontaneità del sogno e la creatività dello psicodramma nelle fragilità del distacco.

Il laboratorio propone un’esperienza di psicodramma collegata alla dimensione del sogno, in grado di allontanare il continuo rimuginare del pensiero rispetto alla fragilità della persona di fronte al tormento del distacco.
La messa in scena nello psicodramma delle immagini oniriche, sorte spontaneamente dalla nostra psiche, in questa fase di stagnazione mentale ed energetica, consentono di aggirare il pantano del malessere costantemente sentito, ri-contattando le forze vitali presente in noi.
La spazio gruppale, la messa in comune di più sogni, la vivacità del linguaggio psicodrammatico offrono la cornice per riprendere un nuovo sentire.

The spontaneity of the dream and the creativity of psychodrama in the fragility of detachment.

The laboratory proposes an experience of psychodrama connected to the dimension of the dream, able to remove the continuous brooding of the thought towards the fragility of the person in front of the torment of detachment.
The staging in the psychodrama of dream images, spontaneously arose from our psyche, in this phase of mental and energetic stagnation, allows us to get around the quagmire of constantly felt malaise, re-contacting the vital forces present in us.
The group space, the sharing of multiple dreams, the vivacity of the psychodramatic language offer the frame to resume a new feeling.

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Giulio Gasca (Italy)

Workshop – Italian – French

The work on dreams in the Analytical Psychodrama for individuation in Jung’s thought is based on three pillars:
1. 1. A daytime scene that preceded the dream to highlight the focal problem that activated the dream
2. 2. The representation of the dream itself with the necessary changes of role to give expression to the perspectives of the inner parts of the dreamer activated by the event
3. 3. One or more scenes that connect the recent event with the analytical path and the identification of the protagonist.
The aim is to exemplify it through the elaboration of the participants’ dreams.

Nello Psicodramma Analitico Individuativo (a orientamento junghiano) il lavoro sul sogno si fonda su tre pilastri:
1. Una scena diurna che ne ha preceduto il sogno, per mettere in luce il problema focale che ha attivato il sogno stesso
2. La rappresentazione del sogno stesso, con i dovuti cambi di ruolo per dare espressione alle prospettive delle parti interne del sognatore, attivate dall’evento
3. Una o più scene che colleghino l’evento recente col cammino analitico e di individuazione del protagonista.
Ci si propone di esemplificarlo, attraverso l’elaborazione di sogni dei partecipanti.

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Antonio Conte – Lorella Barbieri (Italy)

Poster – Italian – English

TITOLO: IL REGNO DELLE DONNE (titolo della poesia di una partecipante)

A cura dell’associazione “Incontrarsi Sul Palcoscenico”

TEMA DEL POSTER: Utilizzo dello Psicodramma in grande gruppo per l’elaborazione del trauma reattivo all’aggressione fisica subita da una donna per mano del compagno.
CONTENUTI : Il poster è la rappresentazione sia del lavoro in rete tra assistente sociale, mediatore familiare, terapeuta, terapeuta psicodrammatico, rispetto ad una donna vittima del compagno e madre di tre figli, sia di una lunga sessione di Psicodramma appositamente costituita con circa 20 ausiliari volontari, con familiarità dello strumento psicodrammatico. La richiesta d’intervento è arrivata da una collega psicoterapeuta per aiutare la paziente che aveva subito un grave trauma e non riusciva a dormire né a rapportarsi con serenità verso le figlie. Lo Psicodramma poteva aiutare la donna ad accedere alle proprie parti emotive bloccate dal trauma con l’aiuto rassicurante e contenitivo del gruppo che accoglie.
Il poster evidenzia le varie fasi del processo di elaborazione durante la sessione ed inoltre i vari scritti inviati via mail al direttore dai partecipanti ausiliari successivi alla sessione, contenenti le reazioni emotive e i sogni stimolati dal lavoro svolto.

THE KINGDOM OF WOMEN (from the title of a poem by one of the participants)

Organized by the Association “Incontrarsi Sul Palcoscenico”

Poster theme: use of group psychodrama to process trauma in a woman after suffering physical aggression by her companion.

Contents: the poster portrays the network collaboration of social worker, family mediator, therapist, psychodrama therapist helping a mother of three abused by her partner, and a long psychodrama session especially set up with the aid of 20 volunteer auxiliaries familiar with psychodrama. The request for intervention came from a fellow psychotherapist treating a patient with difficulties sleeping and relating to her own daughters after severe trauma. The psychodrama might help the woman access her own emotional sides blocked by the trauma with the reassuring aid of the welcoming group.

The poster highlights the various moments of the elaboration process during the session and also the writings sent following the session via email to the director by the auxiliary participants, containing the emotional reactions and the dreams aroused by the work done.

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Paola Cecchetti – Carmen Tagliaferri – Alfredo Camera (Italy)

Workshop – Italian

Conduzione di un gruppo di psicodramma analitico freudiano a indirizzo lacaniano secondo la metodologia di G.e P.Lemoine: La narrazione di un evento reale o di un sogno e la loro messa in scena o in gioco, sono solo una parte della complessità della rappresentazione psicodrammatica. Il gioco mette in luce la personale costruzione dell’evento da parte del soggetto. Lo scarto tra narrazione e gioco,tra gruppo e soggetto,può consentire il passaggio dalla dimensione immaginaria al simbolico.
Emerge nel soggetto un tratto inconscio,un sapere insaputo. La scelta degli io ausiliari,il cambio di ruolo, il doppiaggio, l’assolo sono gli elementi che permettono di vedersi da una prospettiva altra e prefigurare un nuovo legame sociale.
Il gruppo è condotto da due analisti: animatore e osservatore (i ruoli sono intercambiabili). Il primo invita i membri del gruppo a prendere la parola, rispettando soltanto la regola analitica delle libere associazioni e propone il gioco, ovvero la drammatizzazione di una parte del proprio discorso, quella ritenuta più legata alla possibilità per il soggetto di trovare nuovi significanti e per ogni partecipante al gruppo di riconoscersi in qualche aspetto della messa in scena
L’animatore “punteggia” quindi il discorso del soggetto, sia proponendo il gioco, quando coglie un punto interessante da “vedere”, sia dando un taglio, una interpretazione durante la rappresentazione stessa.L’ osservatore, silente durante lo svolgersi della seduta, restituisce in chiusura, con una sua narrazione, la catena dei significanti che sono circolati, riaprendo così nei partecipanti un ulteriore possibilità di lavoro associativo. La catena dei significanti passa anche attraverso sguardi, gesti, suoni lavorando per concatenazione e successione di scene. Il gruppo è costituito da max 15 persone, minimo 10. A conclusione del gruppo è previsto un tempo di discussione attorno alle tematiche emerse e alle modalità di conduzione.

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Loredana Leone – Stefano Pirovano (Italy)

Simposium – Italian – English

E’ POSSIBILE CAMBIARE IN ETÀ AVANZATA?
Presentazione di un’esperienza di psicoterapia di gruppo con metodologia psicodrammatica rivolta a pazienti over 65 afferenti al servizio di Psicologia dell’ASST Santi Paolo e Carlo, Milano.
Partendo dall’interrogativo su come l’intervento clinico con pazienti anziani si possa correlare con il tema del cambiamento in una fase di vita avanzata, si intende esplorare l’apporto dello psicodramma ai compiti di sviluppo ed alle tematiche tipiche di questa fase di vita, quali l’isolamento sociale, il lutto, il decadimento fisico, il mutamento dei ruoli sociali.

IS IT POSSIBLE TO CHANGE DURING OLD AGE?
Presentation of a group psychotherapy experience with psychodramatist methodology addressed to over 65 patients relating to the Psychologic Service of ASST Santi Paolo e Carlo, Milan.
Starting with the question about how the clinical intervention with elderly patients is connected with the changing during an old age stage, it wants to explore the contribution of psychodrama to the development tasks and to the typically themes of this life stage, including social isolation, mourning, physical deterioration and changing of social roles.

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Paola Cecchetti – Carmen Tagliaferri (Italy)

Simposium – Italian

Trauma familiare e individuale
Una bambina di tre anni e mezzo è esposta al trauma che ha colpito anzitutto sua madre. Padre, madre e figlia si recano nel paese dell’ est dove vive la nonna materna per trasferirla a Roma. Qui si scontrano con la scena traumatica. Entrano in casa:la madre è nel letto assassinata dal fratello gemello il cui corpo è lì accanto, impiccato Tornati a Roma è il marito a chiedere aiuto. Non sa cosa significhi formulare una domanda di terapia,sa che è impossibile vivere questa situazione in assenza di cura.Capisce ma è impotente La moglie non può rimanere sola ,sviene,non dorme, ha gli incubi, la bambina non può andare a scuola,il marito al lavoro. La psicoterapeuta contattata si consulta con i colleghi di Apeiron, l’associazione di psicoanalisti e psicodrammatisti cui apparteniamo. Verrà proposta una psicoterapia per la madre, la psicanalista infantile per la bambina (gli incontri avverranno sempre in presenza dei genitori) e uno psicodramma a termine ( 10 incontri )per la coppia che rischia di s-coppiare.Nell’ambito del convegno riferiremo l’esperienza di psicodramma analitico di coppia a termine
Il dispositivo per lo psicodramma di coppia è costituito dalle due psicanaliste che seguono la madre e la bambina; quattro psicologi tirocinanti in funzione di “io ausiliari “che permettono il gioco della coppia .I temi affrontati sono stati l’istinto violento, arcaico e la pulsione di morte; la gemellarita’mortifera.

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Louise Lipman (USA)

Workshop – English

This workshop will demonstrate the power of Moreno’s Triadic System of Sociometry, Psychodrama and Group Psychotherapy. Sociometry is the glue that holds the group together. It establishes the link between individuals in the group setting, creating safety and developing an atmosphere that promotes spontaneity and creativity. It builds a framework to hold the intensity of Psychodramatic action. Psychodrama is the healing agent through which group participants tell the stories of their sociometric wounds, express their feelings, work through their issues, discover their humanity and find new solutions for coping with today’s social and cultural challenges. Group Psychotherapy promotes cognitive integration and the reconfiguration of our intrapsychic roles and interpersonal connections. This triadic system allows people to address the challenges of living in a world where technology can stand in the way of spontaneity and creativity, not allowing us to become fully human. Through action and didactic presentation participants will have opportunities to learn about and experience this creative and multi-layered process.

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Louise Lipman (USA)

Workshop – English

Theater techniques can help the Psychodramatist to facilitate staging, develop character, guide auxiliaries to expand their roles and find objectives for their protagonists. Theatrical principles can help to create story and enhance the tension between the protagonist and the antagonist in a psychodrama. Adding more drama to the process helps to intensify the experience of both the protagonist and the group. It promotes greater spontaneity and creativity through emotional intensity as it increases the stakes for everyone involved. This presenter who originally came from the world of theater will use her expertise to help psychodrama directors enhance their directing skills using theatrical tools, techniques and principles to deepen the drama and expand the emotional experience of everyone involved in the process.

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Galabina Tarashoeva – Petra Marinova Djambazova (Bulgaria)

Simposium – English – Bulgarian

“Can we prove the effectiveness of psychotherapy in research? And do we want? Especially in psychodrama?”

The question is it possible to prove effectiveness of psychotherapy, and in particular of psychodrama, through scientific research is still unanswered. Is it enough just to believe in our method? Do we want to prove its effectiveness scientifically? There are a lot of reasons “for” and “against” conducting research in psychotherapy. There are a lot of peculiarities concerning the usual design, randomization, duration, blindness, number of participants, motivation, the role of the therapist, the usage of nosological entities, etc. Are we ready and in what extend to compromise with the requirements of the “gold standard” for scientific proof and with the rules of good practice in psychotherapy?
Key words: scientific research, proving effectiveness, psychotherapy, group psychotherapy, psychodrama.

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Roberta Mineo – Maurizio Fajeti (Italy)

Simposium – English – Italian

Maschile paterno, il lato fragile dell’essere uomo.
Di Maurizio Fajeti e Roberta Mineo
In questi ultimi decenni si registra un travagliato percorso disidentitario del maschio. In un pianeta dove sempre più globalizzati sono i rischi ambientali, le ingiustizie sociali e le crisi economiche, uomini e donne rimettono in discussione i rispettivi ruoli sociali, aprendo ad inaspettate crisi ed opportunità di trasformazione dei rapporti di forza tra i sessi. Mentre i movimenti femministi godono dell’accorciamento delle distanze tra geografie e culture, dimostrando capacità di reazione e disposizione al cambiamento, l’uomo si rivela solo, male organizzato e fragile. Questo contributo pone l’accento sulle narrazioni maschili della paternità, dell’eroismo, dell’utilità (Cederström, Guardian 2 Ottobre 2018 ) a fronte di una narrazione storica di potere a somma zero, machismo, tossicità del costrutto maschile. E il rapporto tra queste due narrazioni si articola grazie alla capacità di ingaggiare un dialogo difficile ma schietto con le donne, portatrici sane di una natura complessa che mette in crisi qualunque dogmatismo maschile: streghe e madonne, forze creatrici e infanticide, capaci di generare economie sostenibili e sistemi di distribuzione della ricchezza più equi ma anche vestali di un’educazione che perpetua tradizioni chauviniste e bigotte.
Mentre a tutte le latitudini si registrano movimenti di donne che mettono in discussione gli equilibri esistenti tra i due sessi, aumentano le violenze di genere e si compattano le minoranze alt-right, sovraniste, bianche, xenofobe, conservatrici, rendendo visibile le intrinseche relazioni tra genere, classe sociale e ‘razza’. Cresce nell’uomo un certo senso di insicurezza e vacilla il tradizionale ruolo di maschio: tale perdita di certezze intorno al proprio ruolo sociale destabilizza, fa paura, e in certi casi origina abusi e comportamenti violenti nelle relazioni di intimità e negli ambiti domestici.
Il presente contributo intende mettere a fuoco, in particolare, la declinazione paterna dell’essere uomo. A partire dalla presentazione di alcuni interessanti progetti terapeutici che si occupano del recupero di padri/mariti violenti in territorio emiliano, si interroga soprattutto sulla possibilità di intervenire preventivamente sulle cause, attraverso un’azione capillare di tipo educativo, nelle scuole e soprattutto nelle famiglie. Tale intervento preventivo parte dall’analisi di certe narrazioni sull’educazione agli affetti (eg. la pericolosità del potere femminile di Audre Lord, 1983), e giunge ad una vera e proprio sfida alla tossicità di certe polarità familiari (padre-padrone vs. mammo), promuovendo la fine del cosiddetto ‘mandato di maschilità’ (Segato, 23 giugno 2018). Liberandoli dalle pastoie di aspettative sociali relative alla forza, alla durezza, all’anaffettività, all’autoritarismo, questi nuovi padri da un lato si oppongono alla confusione simbiotica della diade madre-bambino, promuovendo spazi di libertà e di esplorazione creativa dei minori; dall’altra scoprono un ruolo alla pari nel ménage familiare, rifiutando di essere relegati al solo gioco con i figli e appropriandosi di spazi di cura domestica che rimettono in discussione i ruoli maschio-femmina della casa (Delgado, 5 marzo 2019). Così “la vita interiore dell’uomo germina dalla nostalgia consapevole, non ripudiata di questo ventre vuoto: gli uomini ne accettano la ferita insanabile, riescono a coltivarla, a far nascere da quell’orto infecondo, non solo gesti paterni accudenti, a imitazione ed emuli di quelli materni” (Demetrio, 2010).

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Mona Rakhawy (Egypt) – Roberta Mineo (Italy)

Workshop – English – Italian

“Women vs. Men in institutions: Dialogue, Confrontation, and Gender Empowerment”

Abstract: As we challenge the status quo of the power relations of women and men in different institutions, many things would pop up to our awareness. The binary concept of gender is overcome by a see-saw pattern of masculinity and femininity within the same individual, reflecting the richness of diversity and the complexity of dynamics as well.
Gender empowerment is most effective when it applies to young people: gender sensitization theories claim that modification of the adults’ behavior (e.g. teachers and parents) towards children can have a causal effect on gender equality. This workshop will open the way towards a deeper look at the meanings of gender identity, with consideration of gender stereotypes, gender justice, and gender equality concerns, in addition to gender empowerment. In a here and now experience, and with the use of creative arts, participants will be invited to examine the previous conceptions and to reflect upon their personal attitudes and beliefs. Possible applications will be discussed. The workshop emphasizes the importance of the work on the adult level: the therapist, the consultant and the educator, which can affect multiple layers of society, down to the children and up to the decision makers. It will be run in English and Italian, but a lot more languages are welcome to join.

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Magdalene Jeyarathnam (India)

Simposium – English

BREAKING GANGS USING SOCIOMETRY IN A PRISON SETTING
The session is the first of many sessions conducted in the prison over ten months. In the first session sociometry was used to discover and find out more information about group members. A group of 25 out of 50 young men in the ages 18 to 24 who had committed various crimes were chosen through a simple random sampling method. All the young men who were over the age of 18 and could no longer be housed in the juvenile prison lived in the place called Home of Safety. The room where we did the work had 2 armed guards, the psychodramatist and 3 assistants who helped with translation and any help needed in motivating the group to do the activities. In India juvenile justice board which comes under the ministry of women and child development is responsible for safety and upkeep of children who are in conflict with the law. Some of these young men are completing their prison term or are waiting for re-evaluation of their sentence; a couple of young men were kept in solitary confinement for their own safety from other inmates / gangs. Fights between the gangs were quite frequent. The overall objective of the psychodrama session was to build compassion and empathy among the participants. The first session was a beginning of the group showing a little trust towards one another and a little empathy towards each other including the psychodramatist.
Byrne, K (1976) talked about how Psychodrama seems particularly suited for work with prison inmates since Psychodrama is an action therapy which tends to rely less on the spoken word than many therapies, and gives the convict a chance to do, and then to re-do, those parts of life that cause him difficulty. Byrne also emphasized on how many convicts have limited education and less than adequate skills in verbally communicating their feelings and that with action therapy, a vehicle is available for safely demonstrating one’s feelings. Since it is a form of group therapy, even those members whose problems are not being directly considered can benefit. Often more hesitant members can be gradually involved by playing roles in someone else’s session (Byrne, K). Corsini (1951) notes that during his extensive experience in prison systems he has personally tried several methods of group therapy but has finally discovered that only one method, that of psychodrama, even approaches the effect of deep individual treatment.

REFERENCES
Byrne, Kenneth (1976) “Psychodramatic Treatment Techniques with Prisoners in a State of Role Transition,”The Journal of Sociology
& Social Welfare: Vol. 3 : Iss. 6 , Article 13.

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Magdalene Jeyarathnam (India)

Workshop – English

USING PSYCHODRAMA WITH LGBTQI COMMUNITY IN INDIA
Gay teens are often subjected to intense bullying that they’re unable to continue their education. Violence and discrimination is a part of day to day life for most of the LGBT community. LGBT youth identified bullying problems as the second most important problem in their lives, after non-accepting families, compared to non-LGBT youth identifying classes/exams/grades (Human Rights Campaign, 2013). Only 37% of LGBT youth report being happy, while 67% of non-LGBT youth say they are happy. (Human Rights Campaign, 2013). With each instance of verbal or physical harassment, the risk of self-harm among LGBT youth is 2 ½ times more likely (IMPACT, 2010). Studies show that LGBT population are more likely to be treated for anxiety, panic disorder, depression, poor self-esteem, eating disorders or to develop alcohol or drug dependency when compared to the general population (Cochran, Mays, Alegria, Ortega, Takeuchi). These youth are also 4 times more likely to attempt suicide than their heterosexual counterparts (CDC, 2011).
The LGBTQI community constitutes around 5% of the general population according to certain studies. Modern or post colonial India is still awakening to the fact that the LGBTQI community very much exists and is struggling to assert their basic and fundamental human rights. This workshop aims to share our experiences of using psychodrama with LGBTQI community in Chennai on issues related to violence based on their sexual orientation and gender identity and issues related to coming out to their families and/or friends. The experience of them dealing with shame, guilt, anger, depression and pain that the community go through are made to express and process through psychodrama and sociometric exercises. The workshop will also take you through how psychodrama helped many members to come out to their close ones through sociometric exercises.
REFERENCES
Human Rights Campaign. (2013). Growing Up LGBT in America: HRC Youth Survey Report Key Findings. Washington, D.C.

IMPACT. (2010). Mental health disorders, psychological distress, and suicidality in a diverse sample of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender youths. American Journal of Public Health. 100(12), 2426-32.

CDC. (2011). Sexual Identity, Sex of Sexual Contacts, and Health-Risk Behaviors Among Students in Grades 9-12: Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

Cochran SD, Mays VM, Alegria M, Ortega AN, Takeuchi D. Mental health and substance use disorders among Latino and Asian American lesbian, gay, and bisexual adults. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 2007;75:785–794.

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Silvia Poli (Italy)

Simposium – Italian – English

La psicoterapia psicodrammatica con il paziente oncologico: il ruolo della semi-realtà.

Poli S.(a), Brusa F. (a), Vegni E. (a,b), Fossati I. (a,b).

a Cattedra Psicologia Clinica, Dipartimento di Scienze della Salute, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milano
b SC Psicologia Clinica, Dipartimento di Salute Mentale e delle Dipendenze, ASST Santi Paolo e Carlo, Milano

Introduzione. L’intervento psicologico a supporto dei pazienti oncologici è ormai riconosciuto come essenziale, per contenere la sofferenza fisica psicologia e relazionale che insorge, e a volte, persiste al di là dell’efficacia del trattamento. La psicoterapia di gruppo si è dimostrata efficace nel ridurre lo stress psicologico ed il distress associato ai sintomi. Tuttavia solo pochi studi hanno investigato l’approccio psicodrammatico.
Uno studio preliminare ha evidenziato come il tema della morte emerga frequentemente durante sessioni di psicodramma. In particolare, la morte viene osservata nella maggioranza delle sessioni analizzate (89%); Obiettivo. Obiettivo del presente lavoro è analizzare come il tema della morte venga affrontato durante il lavoro in semi-realtà al fine di esplorare le funzioni e le conseguenze che questa tecnica ha sia sul “protagonista attivo” che sugli altri partecipanti al gruppo. Metodo. Nel presente studio, sono state utilizzati i trascritti di sessioni di psicoterapia psicodrammatica di gruppo con frequenza settimanale e durata di un’ora e trenta minuti, offerti presso l’Ospedale San Paolo di Milano. I frammenti in cui era presente la tematica della morte in dimensione di semi-realtà sono stati sottoposti ad un’analisi qualitativa effettuata da due codificatori indipendenti. Risultati. I risultati preliminari suggeriscono che la dimensione di semi-realtà venga utilizzata sia per trattare direttamente il tema della morte sia per elaborare tematiche ad essa correlate. Le caratteristiche proprie della semi-realtà permettono la creazione di momenti trasformativi a livello dell’individuo e nelle dinamiche gruppali.
 
Psychodramatic psychotherapy with cancer patient: the role of semi-reality.

Introduction. Psychological support to cancer patients is essential to deal with the physical, psychological and relational sufferance that arises and often persists beyond treatment success. Group psychotherapy has been proven to be effective in reducing sufferance of cancer patients; however only few studies explored psychodramatic psychotherapy.
A preliminary study1 highlighted how the theme of death is frequently addressed during psychodramatic psychotherapy group sessions (89%) The theme of death has been identified in both the reality and the semi-reality dimension. Objective. The aim of the present study is to analyse how death is faced during semi-reality representation, in order to explore the functions and the consequences of this condition over both the active protagonist of the semi-reality representation and the other participants. Method. In the present study, 73 randomly selected sessions’ transcripts were analysed within inductive thematic analysis approach. Weekly sessions, of one hour and half each, were provided by the San Paolo Hospital of Milan. Two independent coder analysed the fragments of sessions in which the theme of death was addressed during a semi-reality representation. Results. Preliminary results suggest that the semi-reality dimension is used to directly address death and to talk about death related themes. Semi-reality dynamics allow to trigger transformative processes in the individual as well as in the group.

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Rosalba Lamberti – Chiara Cagnoli (Italy)

Poster – Italian – English

MAPPE E NAVIGATORI: CAMBIARE LA ROTTA È POSSIBILE!
L’uso dello psicodramma classico per aumentare la motivazione alla cura in un SerdNegli ultimi anni si è registrata un’evoluzione importante nella tipologia dei pazienti che utilizzano sostanze e delle problematiche presentate. I cambiamenti in atto rispetto all’uso di sostanze e alla relativa capillare diffusione richiedono sempre più agli operatori di trovare e sviluppare nuovi piani assistenziali di cura, nella direzione di promuovere l’aderenza al trattamento oltreché, naturalmente, programmi di cura individualizzati.

Nell’ambito di questo scenario, all’interno di un SerD “storico” della periferia milanese, si è deciso di aggiungere all’iter previsto dalle indicazioni regionali, un ciclo di 4 incontri di gruppo nella fase di valutazione, per aumentare la motivazione al trattamento del paziente che utilizza cocaina.

Accanto agli interventi previsti dalle indicazioni regionali, aumentare la motivazione e l’aderenza al percorso diventa di fondamentale importanza per promuovere l’acquisizione di strategie psico-emotive nella direzione della cura del disturbo da uso di sostanze.

OBIETTIVI SPECIFICI
Gli obiettivi specifici di tale intervento sono:
– rendere il paziente più informato e consapevole
– aumentare la motivazione e la partecipazione attiva (la motivazione deve provenire dal paziente, non da fonti esterne come familiari, datori di lavoro, sistema giudiziario)
– aumentare la consapevolezza che il paziente è l’unico responsabile della risoluzione della propria ambivalenza
– ridurre il rischio di drop-out

INCONTRI: caratteristiche
Gli incontri, della durata di 120 minuti, hanno cadenza settimanale e vengono proposti dopo i primi incontri di accoglienza del paziente.

METODOLOGIA: I gruppi sono condotti da due psicologhe, una con formazione in psicoterapia sistemico relazionale, l’altra che sta conseguendo una specializzazione in Psicodramma Classico. Gli incontri sono aperti a un massimo di 10 partecipanti e sono condotti in generale con tecniche attive e partecipative. Il percorso di gruppo, articolato in 4 incontri prevede nel primo di essi, oltre la presenza delle due conduttrici di gruppo, anche quella di un medico e di un’assistente sociale che informano rispetto ai temi di competenza, in un’ottica non solo informativa, ma informativa–educativa, ossia valorizzando gli aspetti positivi del cambiamento, invece di focalizzarsi sugli aspetti negativi del comportamento problematico; parte dell’incontro viene utilizzata dalle psicologhe per favorire la formazione del gruppo e la condivisione di esperienze. Questa ultima parte del primo incontro e i successivi tre, a “matrice emotiva” sono condotti secondo la metodologia dello Psicodramma Classico. Infatti, l’approccio dello psicodramma permette la creazione di un clima gruppale accogliente e facilitante il cambiamento, che diviene una base sufficientemente sicura per sperimentare modalità nuove di stare in relazione con se stessi, gli altri e il mondo/gli eventi. Il metodo psicodrammatico consente ai presenti di esprimere, attraverso la messa in atto sulla scena, le diverse dimensioni della sua vita e di stabilire dei collegamenti costruttivi fra di esse.

Primo incontro: Professionisti coinvolti: Psicologhe, Medico, Assistente Sociale
“Dove mi porterà questa marea?… il consumo di cocaina e i relativi effetti.”

Secondo incontro: Professionisti coinvolti: Psicologhe.
“La fatica di smettere nella dipendenza da una sostanza: È possibile resistere al desiderio?”

Terzo incontro: Professionisti coinvolti: Psicologhe.
“Stili di vita nel consumo di una sostanza: vivere nei panni del supereroe”

Quarto incontro: Professionisti coinvolti: Psicologhe.
“Mappe e navigatori: Cambiare la rotta è possibile!”

STRUMENTI DI VALUTAZIONE DELL’INTERVENTO:
Scala sulla soddisfazione (item chiusi + domande aperte)

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Antonino Enia (Italy)

Simposium – Italian

Antonino Enia psicoterapeuta ASP Palermo psicodrammatista A.M.P.
Psicodramma micro
Nel presente lavoro si è cercato quale potesse essere il metodo che, costruendosi spontaneamente , si mostri più adatto per un determinato gruppo, sforzandosi di iniziare e procedere senza idee preconcette e non sapendo, neanche il conduttore, dove si sarebbe arrivati e se si fosse giunti a delle conclusioni, che, per precisione, non erano neanche previste all’inizio. La nostra società attuale è protagonista di forti cambiamenti ed acquisizioni scientifiche che, sempre più penetrate nella mente e nell’immaginario degli uomini, ne condizionano il pensiero e le aspettative sconvolgendone i parametri di riferimento e mettendo in forte difficoltà specialmente la parte affettiva intuitiva a contenerli ed assimilarli.
La facile possibilità di accedere a notizie scientifiche, ha favorito una consapevolezza muta della nostra relatività, del fatto di risiedere forse in un macrosistema a noi non conosciuto, in attesa di non avere più consapevolezza di esistere o di qualcosa di incontrollabile, con produzione di una insicurezza e fragilità elevate a potenze estreme.
Si è cercato nuove espressioni, se ce ne fossero, per lo psicodramma partendo dal lavoro con soggetti provenienti, prevalentemente, dalla dipendenza, a volte con vissuti di violenza. Obbiettivo in corso sia appoggio analitico e crescita personale per i partecipanti, sia il modellamento spontaneo del metodo, come entità vivente, con finalità che aderisca, come acqua, ai teatri interni ed al teatro manifesto. Con l’biettivo di fondo, anche se superfluo, di verificare la validità della modalità, anche in situazioni di alterazione delle regole, si è considerato lo psicodramma come un ente , date le sue peculiari caratteristiche di duttilità, capace di dialogare con il gruppo e di lasciarsi modificare dall’inevitabile scambio di informazioni, che avviene quando due sistemi si incontrano.
Considerando il particolare periodo di cambiamento epocale si sono adottate alterazioni e forzature degli assiomi fondamentali alla ricerca di un evoluzione spontanea che possa a mio parere riallineare lo psicodramma alle acquisizioni scientifiche e culturali negli ultimi anni immesse velocemente, senza possibilità di elaborare, sul grosso pubblico. Si sono studiate modalità diverse sia nella conduzione sia nel setting stesso, sforzandosi di registrare ciò che scaturiva dall’inevitabile evoluzione spontanea del gruppo. Si è fatto in modo che i partecipanti potessero sentirsi liberi di partecipare ad una sola seduta o tutte o quando potevano, dando ad ogni incontro sia una valenza autonoma conclusiva di un acquisizione, sia una continuità con gli altri, registrando la costruzione di un percorso, non programmato Si è lavorato in micro gruppo con utilizzo e rielaborazione del materiale portato dagli altri, inserendo la del caso. Si è cercato di esasperare le regole dello psicodramma favorendo la possibilità di rivisitare materiale portato da altri componenti del gruppo, mantenuto ad un numero limitato di tre quattro persone , massimo cinque, composto . Nella nostra epoca troppo veloce penso che l’uomo abbia perso la possibilità di dare un significato alla propria vita e sia diventato uno strumento, un tassello nel mercato consumistico. Lo psicodramma ha intrinsecamente le componenti essenziali dell’umanità stimola e risveglia il volere bene a se stessi ed agli in un contesto comunitario relazionale garantito sia dalla del gruppo che ricorda la sacralità del themeros greco, sia dai rituali che avvengono nello stesso. Nella apparente confusione e trasgressione dei giochi, ha, in sé, non solo una solida struttura che favorendo il dialogo delle quattro funzioni favorisce il lavoro analitico, ma anche di una, non scientificamente provata, memoria dell’acqua che gli permette di interrogarsi e sconvolgersi garantendo contemporaneamente la crescita.

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Carmen Ramona Matei (Italy)

Poster – Italian – English

La nuova identità del paziente oncologico dalla prospettiva dell’Osservatore: dai cambiamenti fisici alla scoperta di nuove possibilità/modi di vivere.

Partendo dal ruolo di Osservatore è stato possibile individuare nel gruppo la sua funzione di contenitore di vissuti universali associati alla patologia e di stimolo nella ridefinizione dei ruoli esistenziali del paziente oncologico.

The new identity of the oncologic patient from the perspective of the Observer: from physical changes to discovering new possibilities/ways of living

Starting from the role of the Observer, it was possible to identify in the group its function as a holder of universal emotions associated with the pathology and its function as a stimulus in the redefinition of the existential roles of the oncologic patient.

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Agata Micci (Italy)

Simposium – Italian – English

Il sogno di Pinocchio”. Esperienze di gruppi di socio/psicodramma nelle comunità terapeutiche psichiatriche
Agata Micci, medico psicoterapeuta psicodrammatista . Regione Piemonte , Italia
Introduzione: Il presente lavoro è una sintesi di esperienze di attivazione di gruppi di sociodramma e psicodramma con gli ospiti e all’interno di comunità terapeutiche psichiatriche in Piemonte, Italia . I partecipanti sono persone con disagio mentale cronico, disabilità psichiche e fisiche e operatori delle comunità con funzione di “io ausiliari” . Verranno descritti: il setting , la nascita e lo sviluppo dei gruppi, con alcuni esempi descritti nel dettaglio. Verranno estrapolate alcune riflessioni sul lavoro svolto .
Materiali e metodi: i gruppi sono stati avviati da oltre un anno con incontri settimanali e sono tuttora attivi. Tutte le sessioni di sociodramma e psicodramma sono state sinteticamente registrate subito dopo l’incontro, comprese le discussioni con gli “io ausiliari” presenti. Si è utilizzato il sociodramma, dando ampio spazio ai giochi di riscaldamento utilizzando molti tipi di giochi e tecniche teatrali e role playing con inversione di ruolo; in alcuni casi è stato possibile giocare scene di psicodramma con un protagonista. Alcuni adattamenti del setting utili allo specifico lavoro in comunità verranno illustrati e discussi.
Risultati: Ad un anno dal loro inizio si sono osservati i seguenti risultati : gli incontri si sono svolti con regolarità e buon grado di soddisfazione dei partecipanti. Si è osservato un progressivo miglioramento nella capacità comunicativa e nelle relazioni interpersonali dei partecipanti, che hanno sviluppato fiducia nel gruppo come contenitore di emozioni. Si sono osservati benefici individuali e nella vita della comunità. Si sono rese necessarie alcune modifiche del setting per adattarlo al contesto comunitario e rendere possibili la nascita e lo sviluppo dei gruppi nel contesto delle comunità terapeutiche.

“Pinocchio’s dream “. Experiences of socio/psychodrama’s groups in therapeutic community
Agata Micci , physician , psychotherapist, psychodramatist . Piemonte, Italy
Introduction :This work is about experiences of groups in therapeutic psychiatric community in Piemonte (Italy). These groups were aimed at people with chronic mental illness, psychic and physical disabilities. Some health and social workers in the community were also included as “ego helpers”. This work will be better described, with some more information about setting, birth and groups development, and some detailed examples will be made.
Materials and methods : Weekly sessions of groups, started more than one year ago and are still active . Every meeting has been summarized, also with ego helpers comments . In these sociodrama sessions, a large space was given to warming up, which was about many different kind of drama games , improvisation games, role playing with roles exchanging . And sometimes it was possible to enact a psychodrama with a protagonist. Then, some technical adaptation useful to specific work in therapeutic community with people with psychiatric troubles and disabilities were discussed.
Results : After more than one year of groups, it’s now clear that these sessions have been realized with constancy and good level of satisfaction among most participants . It was observed a gradual increasing of communication and relationships between groups members. Most members have experienced this groups with positivity and trust towards the others and they also learnt to feel the group as an emotional container. There were also observed improvements concerning individual rehabilitation and community life. In doing this work, it came to evidence that it was needed to adapt the setting to a therapeutic community contest, in order to make possible birth and development of the group itself.

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Lucía Aranda Kilian (Mexico)

Workshop – Spanish – English

¿POR QUÉ A MÍ?: Anidado en el Cuerpo
Abuso sexual y Violencia de género
El propósito de este taller es mostrar la importancia que tiene, que las personas que han sufrido algún tipo de abuso sexual o violencia de género, lo puedan abrir o expresar a través de dramatizar la situación que han vivido. De esta forma, se busca sensibilizar a los participantes sobre la importancia de ponerse en “la piel del otro”, de reconocer la necesidad de develar la situación que viven o vivieron sus consultantes, para que estos puedan llevar una vida más plena, al crear una nueva historia enfatizando la importancia de no quedarse como víctimas sino como sobrevivientes.
Con este objetivo, y a través de integrar pequeños grupos de trabajo, se abordará el abuso sexual y la violencia de género con el apoyo de títeres como material plástico, aunque como parte de las Estrategias Creativas, también es posible utilizar máscaras y barro, entre otros, para dar voz a las experiencias que quedaron anidadas dentro del cuerpo.
Desde el punto de vista conceptual, me apoyaré en las Estrategias Creativas, las cuales comparten algunos principios y técnicas con el Arteterapia, y que entre las herramientas que utiliza destaca la Terapia Familiar Sistémica y el Psicodrama. De esta forma, las Estrategias Creativas retoman parte de la teoría psicodramática clásica de Moreno, en donde la espontaneidad y la creatividad, el rol y el trabajo grupal se muestra a través del trabajo con títeres.
El taller se desarrollará ofreciendo inicialmente a los participantes una breve explicación del concepto de las Estrategias Creativas y su relación con el Psicodrama, así como de las limitaciones que se deben tener en cuenta cuando se trabaja con este tipo de técnicas. Posteriormente, se procederá a la integración de los grupos de trabajo, los cuales dramatizarán con la ayuda de títeres, un caso propuesto por ellos, para proceder, al cierre del taller, a expresar sus conclusiones.
Por último, me gustaría comentar que la herramienta de las Estrategias Creativas es un desarrollo personal cuyos fundamentos prácticos los he llevado a cabo a través de mi práctica profesional con personas o grupos, y que durante los dos últimos años he trabajo en su teorización en la Universidad de Salamanca.

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Marco Greco – Anna Ruscazio – Paolo Mecacci (Italy)

Simposium – Italian – English

Lo Psicodramma: uno strumento per l’innovazione e lo sviluppo delle organizzazioni

In tutto il mondo, lo psicodramma è uno strumento elettivo, non solo per la psicoterapia, ma anche per la formazione e la consulenza. Questo metodo, infatti, offre nuove modalità comunicative e relazionali per affrontare le fasi del cambiamento, l’evoluzione organizzativa e la gestione dei conflitti, fornendo uno “stage” appropriato in cui le persone possono misurarsi agendo nuovi “ruoli” responsabili all’interno dei team e dei contesti operativi.
Questo simposio desidera ospitare e confrontare esperienze di psicodramma e sociometria applicati nelle diverse organizzazioni.
Come fondatori della società FaberActive di Torino (Italia) e creatori di FaberMatrix® (software applicativo sperimentale di analisi sociometrica e piattaforma online per l’analisi delle reti sociali), gli stessi proponenti condivideranno il loro lavoro all’interno delle organizzazioni, evidenziandone gli ultimi aspetti innovativi.

Psychodrama: a tool for innovation and development of organizations

All around the world, psychodrama is an elective instrument, not only for psychotherapy, but also for training and consulting. This method offers new communicative and relational modalities to tackle phases of change, organizational evolution and conflict management, providing an appropriate “stage” in which people can act new and responsible “roles” within the teams and the operational contexts.
This symposium wish to host and compare some experiences of Psychodrama and Sociometry applied in several organizations.
As founders of the FaberActive company in Torino (Italy) and creators of FaberMatrix® (a sperimental Sociometric Analysis application software with an online platform for Social Network Analysis), the same proponents will share their work within organizations, highlighting its latest developments.

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Arşaluys Kayir (Turkey)

Workshop – English – Turkish

SEXUALITY:
WHAT TO REMEMBER and WHAT TO FORGET

Emotional satisfaction-warmth,protection,love,sexuality and intimacy- is vulnerable to interference.
Our brain is clever enough to remind us what to remember and what to forget about our sexuality and relationships.
Our brain is clever enough to remind us what to remember and what to forget.Mostly in case of ambivalency.
The leader being sexual ttherapist and psychodramatist will try to stir up the memories kept in mind and body.

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Cecilia Gallotti (Italy)

Workshop – Italian – French – English

Who shall migrate (for surviving)?
L’intervento sociopsicodrammatico nei contesti pluriculturali

Le migrazioni che nell’ultimo decennio hanno interessato in un crescendo esponenziale tutta l’Europa hanno prodotto una urgente necessità di intervento psicosociale specifico in numerosi ambiti di vita e di lavoro. Questo workshop invita a un momento di condivisione esperienziale e di riflessione comune sull’applicazione dei metodi sociopsicodrammatici nei luoghi di contatto e di incontro interculturale, in particolare nei servizi di accoglienza dei migranti e nella formazione con operatori sociali e sanitari.

L’obiettivo del workshop è mostrare come antropologia culturale e sociopsicodramma possano utilmente articolarsi per facilitare la convivenza e l’inclusione sociale e per sviluppare competenze di relazione e comunicazione interculturale. A partire da alcuni casi emblematici tratti dal mio pluriennale lavoro nei servizi di accoglienza italiani, alternando momenti di azione scenica e di riflessione ci confronteremo come gruppo internazionale e transculturale sulle metodologie e le risorse utilizzate in altre esperienze e altri contesti.

Who shall migrate (for surviving)?
L’intervention sociopsychodramatique dans des contextes pluriculturels

Les migrations qui ont investi l’Europe au cours de la dernière décennie ont produit un besoin urgent d’intervention psychosociale spécifique dans de nombreux domaines de la vie et du travail. Ce workshop invite à un moment de partage d’expériences et de réflexion collective sur l’application de méthodes sociopsychodramatiques dans des contextes de contact et des rencontre pluriculturel, en particulier dans les services d’accueil des migrants et dans la formation des travailleurs sociaux et de la santé.

Le workshop a pour objectif de montrer comment l’anthropologie culturelle et le sociopsychodrame puissent s’articuler pour améliorer la cohabitation et la communication interculturelle, et développer compétences d’inclusion sociale. À partir de cas emblématiques tirés de mon travail de consulence et formation dans les services d’accueil, nous nous confronterons de manière sociodramatique et réflexive, en tant que groupe international et transculturel, sur les méthodes et le resources activées dans d’autres expériences et d’autres contextes.

Who shall migrate (for surviving)?
The sociopsychodramatic intervention in pluricultural contexts

The new migratory flows that have affected Europe over the last decades have produced an urgent need for specific psychosocial intervention in many areas of life and work. This workshop means to be an opportunity for exchange of experiences and knowledge on the application of socio-psychodramatic methods in pluricultural contexts and encounters, in particular working with the migrants in the reception centers and training the social and health workers and teams.

The aim of this workshop is to show how cultural anthropology and socio-psychodrama can cooperate, on one hand to improve the cohabitation and the social inclusion, and on the other hand to develop the competences for intercultural relations. I will present my long-lasting experience in these fields, working out some emblematic cases with psychodramatic techniques, then we will go on reflecting on them. So we will be able to share, as a cross-cultural group, our methods and resources used in various experiences and in different contexts.
The aim of this workshop is to show how cultural anthropology and socio-psychodrama can cooperate, on one hand to facilitate the cohabitation and the social inclusion, and on the other hand to develop interculturel competences of relation and communication.

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Maria da Pehna Nery (Brasil)

Simposium – English – Portuguese

Psychodrama and cientific knowledge production. We will present the research challenges with methods of action and sociometry. We will talk about the epistemology of psychodrama. We will give examples with the research done in the universities of Brazil in the last 15 years. Some research addresses, for example, the issue of AIDS in the country, questions of affirmative action for afro-descendants and domestic violence.

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Roberta Mineo (Italy) – Mona Rakhawy (Turkey)

Workshop – English – Italian

“Women vs. Men in institutions: Dialogue, Confrontation and Gender Empowerment”.

ABSTRACT:
As we challenge the status quo of the power relations of women and men in different institutions, many things would pop up to our awareness. The binary concept of gender is overcome by a see-saw pattern of masculinity and femininity within the same individual, reflecting the richness of diversity and the complexity of dynamics as well.

Gender empowerment is mostly effective when it applies to young people: gender sensitization theories claim that modification of the adults’ behavior (e.g. teachers and parents) towards children can have a causal effect on gender equality. This workshop will open the way towards a deeper look at the meanings of gender identity, with consideration of gender stereotypes, gender justice and gender equality concerns, in addition to gender empowerment. In a here and now experience, and with the use of creative arts, participants will be invited to examine the previous conceptions and to reflect upon their personal attitudes and beliefs. Possible applications will be discussed. The workshop emphasizes the importance of the work on the adult level: the therapist, the consultant and the educator, which can affect multiple layers of society, down to the children and up to the decision makers. It will be run in English and Italian, but a lot more languages are welcome to join.

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Paola De Leonardis – Marco Greco (Italy)

Simposium – English – Italian

Che cosa intendiamo per teoria e metodologia dello psicodramma?
In tutto il mondo, negli ultimi 70 anni, sono stati creati Istituti che abilitano all’uso dello psicodramma. Vi sono diversi orientamenti in questo ambito; numerosi manuali sono stati pubblicati. Il principale strumento ad oggi ideato per creare una base teorica e metodologica comune per lo psicodramma è stato quello del glossario (se ne trova facilmente un certo numero disponibile online).
In questi ultimi quattro anni, all’interno del Comitato di Ricerca FEPTO (Federazione Europea degli Istituti di Training in Psicodramma), abbiamo condotto un’action research fra gli Istituti di Training iscritti alla FEPTO, che mirava a far emergere i contenuti teorici e metodologici dell’insegnamento dello psicodramma in ambito sia psicoterapeutico sia educativo.
In occasione di Meetings internazionali abbiamo organizzato incontri e “piccoli gruppi di discussione” di psicodrammatisti, in cui è stato possibile scambiare conoscenze e opinioni su molte tematiche teoriche e metodologiche. In tali occasioni, sono emersi due ambiti principali: quello degli assunti teorici di base dello psicodramma e quello delle loro connessioni con altri approcci.
Riflettendo sui risultati ottenuti, sulla base delle nostre proprie conoscenze e ricerche in psicodramma, abbiamo pensato di proporre un inquadramento coerente della teoria e della metodologia psicodrammatiche e delle sue connessioni con modelli teorici affini. Abbiamo così creato due mappe concettuali, che presenteremo in questo Simposio:
• Mappa 1 – Specificità teorica e metodologica dello psicodramma
• Mappa 2 – Integrazione dello psicodramma con altri approcci psicologici e formativi
Lo scopo principale delle due mappe concettuali è quello di mettere le basi per un linguaggio teorico e metodologico comune e proporsi come un organico strumento di riferimento per la formazione e la ricerca in psicodramma. A questo fine è necessario che le due Mappe vengano discusse, corrette e migliorate.
Il Board della FEPTO sta attualmente considerando la possibilità di creare online, sulla base di queste due mappe, una “Wiki Psychodrama Platform”.
In occasione del presente Simposio raccoglieremo il contributo in idee e suggerimenti dei presenti per la realizzazione dell’iniziativa.

What do we mean by theory and methodology in psychodrama?

All over the world, since the last 70 years, many Institutions have been created to train and certify practitioners in psychodrama. There are various positions in this area; many handbooks have been published. The main instrument used in the past for creating a common theoretical and methodological basis for psychodrama is the Glossary; we can find a number of them available online.

Within the Research Committee of FEPTO (Federation of European Psychodrama Training Institutes), during the last 4 years we carried out an action research to explore the teaching contents of the FEPTO Psychodrama Institutes, and we tried to organize meetings and “small groups” of psychodramatists in order to exchange knowledge and opinions on theoretical and methodological topics. Two main fields have arised: the basic assumptions of psychodrama and their connections with other approaches.

Reflecting on the outcomes of that work, on the basis of our own knowledge and research in psychodrama, we thought to propose a coherent framework for the psychodrama theory and methodology and their connections to other scientific disciplines. So we built up two Conceptual Maps, that we will present in this Symposium:

             Map 1 – Psychodrama Theoretical and Methodological Specificity

             Map 2 – Psychodrama Integration with other Psychological and Educational Approaches

The aims of the two Conceptual Maps are to lay the foundation for a common scientific language in psychodrama and to be a reference tool for training and research in psychodrama. In this view the two Maps still need to be rectified and improved.

The FEPTO Board is now considering the possibility to built up a Wiki Psychodrama Platform on the basis of these two Maps.

The participants at the Symposium will be invited to give their contribution in ideas and suggestions for the realization of the initiative.

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Maria Clélia Malaquias (Brasil)

Workshop – English – Spanish

“ABAYODRAMA- a precious meeting: Psychodrama and Abayomis dolls”.
Abayomi is a word from the African language Yoruba, meaning “precious meeting”. Is important symbol of resistence to African culture, resilience, overcoming and trasnformation. We propose with the workshop to facilitate that the participants can get in touch with the history of the Abayomi dolls and inspired them, to identify aspects of their relationships that they want to transform.

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Maria Clélia Malaquias (Brasil)

Workshop – English – Spanish

Workshop Psychodrama and live model.

Sociodramatic experience through the artistic performance of the living model of living sculpture, with static poses and moving  poses. The public is invited to interact, to find sources of inspiration for creation, using paper, pencils, cand draw, paint, create and recreate, graphically represent the resonance of interactions.
Starting from the perspective of the use of the body as an anatomical tool that allows to establish codes of languages and give corporality to something that arises from the interactions.

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Fabian Blobel (Germany) – Galabina Tharashoeva (Bulgaria)

Workshop – English

“Clash of civilisations or the new humanity?”

The world is in danger! The sun is going to explode and destroy the whole galaxy!
All civilations have to be transfered to the only surviving Planet. But before they have to unify values and rules to form a new humanity. The rescue star ship is just leaving if all agree. Despair and desire…
A 4 Step sociodramatic approach (Identity, Encounter, Negociacion,…, Treaty?) to the question: can humanity survive?

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Judith Teszáry (Sweden)

Simposium – English – Swedish

” In the face of Trauma and Disaster what are group therapists doing today. “

Roma Women on the Stage
A presentation of an art based research and intervention project called “Our Theatre” org. financed by EEA Grants (Norway Grants, Financial Mechanism) for promoting Roma inclusion in Hungary.
After a nine months long work with Roma women from two villages, living in poverty, doing socio-psychodrama (recorded on film) a dramaturg wrote a theatre play. The women play their own stories on stage. The performance became a huge success both in Budapest and in the villages where they performed. The play was selected to an International Theatre Festival in Dresden 18.- 25. May 2019. Moreno’s original idea with the open theatre where the actors are the people themselves, who write their own stories became realised in Hungary 2016-2017. Theatre history has been written.

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Judith Teszáry (Sweden) – Manuela Maciel (Portugal) – Monica Zuretti (Argentina) – Melinda Ashley Meyer (Norway)

Simposium – English – Spanish

The topics of the Sociodrama panel discussion at the International Psychodrama conference in Iseo 2019.
Facilitator: Judith Teszáry
Speakers:
Manuela Maciel ” Parallels between U Theory from Otto Scharmer and Sociodrama and Sociatry from Jacob Levy Moreno”.
Portugal

Monica Zuretti
the relationship between the social matrix situation and the themes within small or large groups and its relationship.
Argentina

Malinda Ashley Meyer
Research, early group intervention after trauma and collective healing.
Norway

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Antonino Enia – Agata Micci – Gabriella Nicotra  (Italy)

Workshop – Italian – English

Psicodramma Minimalista
Nel presente lavoro si è cercato quale potesse essere il metodo che, costruendosi spontaneamente , si mostrasse più adatto per un determinato gruppo, sforzandosi di iniziare e procedere senza idee preconcette e non avendo conclusioni prestabilite.
Il workshop è un tentativo di presentare una modalità scaturita spontaneamente e che non ha pretesa di essere un modello, ma al più un canovaccio da potere modificare in corso d’opera, nell’assunto che ciò che avviene si costruisce nel qui ed ora analitico dei teatri dell’anima sia per quanto riguarda i significati manifesti che quelli sotterranei del gruppo. La società attuale è protagonista di forti cambiamenti ed acquisizioni scientifiche che condizionano il pensiero e le aspettative delle persone sconvolgendone i parametri di riferimento e mettendo in forte difficoltà specialmente la parte affettiva-intuitiva che permette di contenerli ed assimilarli.
La facile possibilità di accedere a notizie scientifiche ha favorito la percezione muta della propria relatività, all’interno di un macrosistema poco conosciuto e spesso incontrollabile, producendo insicurezza e fragilità elevate.
Si sono cercate nuove espressioni possibili per lo Psicodramma partendo dal lavoro con soggetti provenienti, prevalentemente, dalla dipendenza, a volte con vissuti di violenza. Obbiettivo di base è l’appoggio analitico e la crescita personale per i partecipanti, ma obbiettivo di noi conduttori è anche quello di un modellamento più spontaneo del metodo che possa riprodurre i su-descritti vissuti di imponderatezza. Obbiettivo di fondo è verificare la validità della modalità, anche in situazioni di alterazione delle regole. Si è considerato lo Psicodramma, data la sua duttilità, come un’entità capace di dialogare con il gruppo e di lasciarsi modificare dall’inevitabile scambio di informazioni, che avviene quando due sistemi si incontrano.
Si sono studiate modalità diverse sia nella conduzione sia nel setting stesso facendo in modo che i partecipanti potessero sentirsi liberi di partecipare ad una sola seduta a tutte,o quando potevano, dando ad ogni incontro sia una valenza autonoma anche conclusiva di qualche acquisizione e consapevolezza, sia una qualche continuità con le altre sedute, seguendo la costruzione di un percorso, anche se non programmato.
Si lavora in micro gruppo, anche più di uno in contemporanea, con utilizzo e rielaborazione del materiale portato dagli altri, inserendo la casualità di rapidi cambiamenti.
Si è cercato di esasperare le regole dello psicodramma favorendo la possibilità di rivisitare materiale portato da altri componenti del gruppo, mantenuto ad un numero limitato di tre quattro persone , massimo cinque, composto . Nella nostra epoca troppo veloce penso che l’uomo abbia perso la possibilità di dare un significato alla propria vita e sia diventato uno strumento, un tassello nel mercato consumistico. Lo psicodramma ha in sè le potenzialità di un contesto relazionale comunitario positivo la cui appartenenza ricorda la sacralità del themeros greco, e che viene rafforzato dai rituali. Nella apparente confusione e trasgressione dei giochi si può dare una solida struttura sviluppando il dialogo dei quattro elementi, che favorisce il lavoro analitico, e al contempo quella che potremmo definire memoria dell’acqua, che permette di interrogarsi e sconvolgersi, garantendo contemporaneamente la crescita dei partecipanti.

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Herb Propper  (India – USA)

Workshop – English

Vajrayana Buddhist Role Theory: exploring the limitless dimensions of ‘self’:
Participants will explore spiritual psychodramatic roles created from Tibetan Buddhist Meditational Deities. These may be new roles, or transformations of existing spiritual roles.
The warmups leading to encounter with these roles will roughly follow the model of the typical Tibetan Buddhist 7-branch prayer.
They will encounter these roles through a variety of methods, such as reciting mantras, insight meditation , empty chair, expressive sound-and-movement, role interview and role reversal. They will explore ways of using these deity roles as supports or models in dealing with difficult relationships or conflict situations. One or more pieces of psychodrama action will be included.
Previous knowledge of Buddist Vajrayana practices is not required.

Herb Propper Ph.D., T.E.P. is Resident Trainer at the Indian Institute of Psychodrama, Chennai. He is ordained as a Tibetan Buddhist monk (novice), practicing in the Tibetan Karma Kagyu lineage.

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Maurizio Gasseau (Italy)

Simposium – English – Italian

RITUALS AND DREAMS IN THE WORK OF PEACE BUILDING AND CONFLICT TRANSFORMATION ON COLLECTIVE TRAUMA

Maurizio Gasseau
FEPTO Task Force for Peace Building and Conflict Transformation

The FEPTO Task Force for Peace Building and Conflict Transformation was founded in Vienna in 2005. The Task Force organizes seminars and conferences in which the members show their methodology for working with collective trauma such as wars, disasters and mass migration. Seminars have been held in Oslo 2007, Stockholm 2008, Turin 2009, Uppsala 2010, Sofia 2011, Iseo 2013, Istanbul 2014 and will be held in Granada in 2016.
The twenty members of the Task Force have actively intervened on collective trauma in Ukraine, Egypt, Gaza, Palestine, Israel, Jordan, El Salvador, Honduras, Brazil, Argentina, Columbia and Turkey.
Wars leave deep wounds in peoples and individuals , and destroyed social and occupational functioning. The resulting trauma is a wound , a laceration that brings permanent energy economy disorders of the psyche . Wars are made by people and people suffering by wars. In the wars 90% of victims are civil not military.
Now the battlefield are the houses. „The collective trauma makes profound after-effects are manifold and far-reaching collective trauma is like a nuclear bomb that disperses its radioactive fallout in distant places even long time after the actual explosion.“ (Kellerman)
SAFE SPACE – To work on conflict transformation it is necessary to bring the trauma victims in a safe place, a “safe place” often geographically and physically far from the place where the trauma was activated . A space in which to respond to basic needs : hunger , thirst , rest protection, and the safe place symbolically marks the conflict, the trauma, puts a limit to the destructive forces by create for the participants of a group the feeling that there is a limit to the emotions and the post traumatic stress, like a safe place in the play, and there is a safe place where you can bring a re – empowerment, self-esteem can grow undermined by the trauma , it is understood as a psychic space inside where they can feel more secure, and is a generator of resources including not least the hope and the new action.
THIRD PLACE it is a safe place where participants, group’s members may have experience of a new language with new expressive and relation modality.
It is he space of play, the space of theatre, the space of psychodramatic surplus reality.
It is the place of dreams, where the tension of opposit are hold through symbols.
It is the space of fairy tales that contains the archetypical energy of drama. The third place is a space for active imaginations, a mytical space, a symbolic a representative space.
RITUALS are similar to symbols, they are part of collective unconsciousness, they represent historical memory as well as historical traumatic events of certain large group.
Rituals are part of large group identity
DREAMS – One of most important duty when we work on collective trauma is not to retramautize the group members and protagonist, for this it is important do not play the traumatic scene, but can be very helpfull to ask to share dreams connected to collective traumatic experience and play those dreams.
Dreams convey the transformative wisdom of the unconscious, allowing emotionaly charged material to become easly accessibile to the consciousness, activating intrapsychic and intersubjective change. Psychodrama can safely be used to create paths of change for the most severe traumatization. Psychodrama creates a place to act out unprocessed trauma within the containment of therapy in order to stop the obsessive repetition of the past.

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Oded Nave (Israel)

Workshop – English

Who survives?
The workshop will explore the elements, which enable a person to survive difficult, expected and unexpected situations that life encounters. What helps a person to cope with loss, with crisis, with change? When we are looking at survival from the perspective of the natural sciences, we relate to the strong who survives. However, the ability to survive is not rooted only in physical strength. People overcome crisis when they are connected to a meaningful other, to people and friends, to an ideal, to group and family, to faith. In the language of self- psychology, a selfobject is necessary and crucial, in order to overcome complexities of life. in the workshop we will try to identify the ways in which the participants have coped with and survived various and complex life situations. Do they come with resilience to the crisis or get out of it strengthened. The workshop will be based on the main psychodrama components – Sociometry, Sociodrama and protagonist work, as appropriate.

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Irina Stefanencu (Romania)

Workshop – English – French

Activate the Survival & Thriving Net with Sociodrama!

After months of rambling, research, travels, despair and big spendings, a mother finds out her son has Dravet epilepsy. After almost one year since the diagnostic, she finds her way to support her child and keep him alive. She gathered other parents, then they asked for help. Working with over 10 types of specialists, using sociodrama, we could help other parents with creating support networks and two guides: one for the journey prior to the diagnostics and one for the journey with diagnostics. Starting that day, the Dravet Association had strategic allies in their work. They even changed a law in Romania. The older children outlived the life expectancy for this condition. They are fighters and they are not alone.

Support networks are key for survival, development, wellness and thriving. We can help their creation on one hand and we can enable persons and groups to devise and activate their support groups on the other hand, with sociodrama.
We all need a survival & thriving net, don’t we?

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Maria Clélia Maquias (Brasil)

Workshop – Portughese – Spanish

“ABAYODRAMA- a precious meeting: Psychodrama and Abayomis dolls”

Abayomi is a word from the African language Yoruba, meaning “precious meeting” Is important
symbol of resistence to African culture, resilience, overcoming and trasnformation. We propose with the workshop to facilitate that the participants can get in touch with the history of the Abayomi dolls and inspired them, to identify aspects of their relationships that they want to transform.

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Maria Clélia Maquias (Brasil)

Workshop – Portughese – Spanish

“Psychodrama and live model”
Sociodramatic experience through the artistic performance of the living model of living sculpture, with static poses and moving poses. The public is invited to interact, to find sources of inspiration for creation, using paper, pencil, cand draw, paint, create and recreate, graphically represent the resonance of interactions. Starting from the perpective of the use of the body as an anatomical tool that give corporality to something that arises from the interactions.

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Carmen De Los Santos (Uruguay)

Workshop – Spanish – Italian

Instalación Spinoza: un modo de obrar social, imaginando.
Resumen:
La Instalación Spinoza es una modalidad creada en el año 2004 que tiende a compartir colectivamente, impresiones y resonancias del encuentro, a través de proveniencias del Psicodrama, la filosofía del encuentro de Baruch Spinoza en cruce con Moreno, del arte conceptual y de los movimientos de resistencia social.
A través de una escena simple de dos sillas en sentidos opuestos y un auditorio nómade, se comparte la potencia polífónica del colectivo que participa.

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Michael Vieser (Austria) – Gabriela Moita  (Portugal)

Workshop – English – Spanish

The dictatorship of love relationships. Exploring the love model in psychodrama

This workshop aims to draw attention to a social organization which impels us to the search for a type of life organization, for the satisfaction of our attachment needs; recognition; belonging; acceptance; and finally well-being or even happiness, by means of conjugality relations or love relations. It is expected, in addition, for those relationships to be the basic support of what is called “nuclear family”. On the other hand, is also underlined that this kind of relationships is so conditioned by the religious, legal regulatory bodies, and even by science that becomes possible to typify the outbreaks of malaise leading to support requests. The conductors elect psychodrama as the social/group and individual reflection model on analyzing these relationships and organization.
Keywords: Couples, Psychodrama Love, Support community, Attachment, Sexual attraction.
Reference: Moita, G., & Wieser, M. A. (2018). The dictatorship of love relationships. Zeitschrift Für Psychodrama Und Soziometrie, 17(1), 21–32. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11620-017-0425-6

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Suzana Duclós (Brasil) – Salvatore Pace (Italy)

Workshop – Portughese – Italian – Spanish

“NAVIGHIAMO: Il MARE È UN’INVENZIONE DELLA NOSTRA BARCA”

Il nostro suggerimento, il cui titolo ripropone i versi del poeta argentino-libanese Nemer Ibn al-Barud – versi che, a loro volta, tracciano le linee del nostro portolano – ha come scopo l’apertura di uno spazio fecondo, creativo, poietico, all’interno del soggetto collettivo, ovvero del soggetto/gruppo costituente. Muovendo da questa suggestione poetica e fidandoci dell’invito a navigare per acque umane, fin troppo umane – manifestazioni sensuali e materiali che hanno la consistenza del mondo -, i partecipanti verranno accompagnati a scoprire attraverso il lavoro dell’immaginazione, la singolarità della loro esperienza vivida, sensuale e corporale, nella relazione con se stessi, con l’altro e con la totalità dei mondi attraversati, forse navigati o a stento solcati – nella misura in cui ne siamo stati toccati e da cui siamo stati interrogati.
Il workshop sarà incentrato sulle pratiche corporee e di drammatizzazione che caratterizzano il pensiero e la prassi moreniani. Si farà uso di tutti gli espedienti che il metodo offre, dalle tecniche attive a quelle più strutturate (socio-psico-drammatiche e teatrali), sussidiate anche dal lavoro della riflessione e della significazione mai definitiva.
Metteremo in opera attività giocose che hanno lo scopo di decostruire i nostri ruoli, resi sclerotizzati dagli apparati di cattura delle micropolitiche dominanti, ma anche dai modi passivi con cui ci adattiamo a essi e viviamo le nostre relazioni. Il gioco contribuisce ad allentare le maglie delle nostre difese, ci consente di fidarci e di affidarci non solo al gruppo ma particolarmente alla potenza creativa che emerge dal lavoro d’insieme e che trova forma nell’attività concreta dell’immaginazione, cioè nel lavoro che l’immaginazione stessa compie sulle immagini emergenti, non per essere tradotte in significati, ma perché venga ampliato il senso di cui si fanno latrici, messi in forse i copioni e agevolate le suggestioni, i balbettii delle nuove opzioni con cui giocare la vita e sottrarci alla tirannia della conserva culturale e del già detto.

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Teodoro Herranz Castillo (Spain)

Workshop – Spanish – English

Sobrevivir o Reparar Nuestras heridas de la vida.
Por Huellas de la vida (1) entendemos el sufrimiento que a lo largo de nuestro desarrollo se han convertido en organizadoras de nuestra vida psíquica, emocional y relacional. Nuestras respuestas frente a ellas son un intento de sobrevivir al dolor, pero no necesariamente lo consiguen y se convierten en incompletos mecanismos de defensa, que intentan protegernos del sufrimiento sin nutrir la necesidades emocionales subyacentes, que pasaron a convertirse en el lugar de lo evitado, “el temor del reencuentro con la carencia”.
Desde este modo de pensar la intervención, realizaremos un trabajo en psicodrama vertical con el fin de buscar la matriz donde se gestó el dolor, la defensa que lo encubrió, para poder hacer llegar una conducta de propuesta reparadora. De tal modo que nuestros pasos en la vida no los guíe la evitación del sufrimiento si no la búsqueda del bienestar.
(1). Término utilizado por primera vez por Dalmiro Bustos (Manual de Psicodrama).

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Maria Gabriella Nicotra (Italy)

Workshop – Italian – English

Aim of this workshop is to propose a efficacious method in working with children coming from traumatic experiences, deprivation conditions, abuse or other relational or social trauma.
Method:
Starting from systemic family psychotherapy and through group-analysis, this work method was developed by the author combining Individuative Jungian Psychodrama with needs coming from working with children and adolescents, whose families are multi-problematic concerning culture and social conditions. Group become for children a retaining safe space where they can increase their self-esteem, trust in relationship and in external world.
We will create fast dynamics to found a medium-sized group. It will be an engaging experience of a group foundation, and the beginning of a group process.
Focus is on the group process and at the same time on the evolution of each individual.
Description:
The group process will be developed using natural elements representation, mythical cultural knowledge coming from participants experience, or tales and stories from their transgenerational tradition. We do not work directly on traumatic memories and any negative situations and the menacing roles are represented by auxiliary Egos
Listening to breath, heartbeat, we will research and reproduce all the rhythms we can find in the nature and in the land, anything from children’s direct experience. Sense-perception and rituals give security and stability.
The action becomes an instrument to overcome the limits in the ability to develop concepts while changing context and habits.
Search for group times and rhythms is a consequence of respecting the personal time of each one.
Role of “imaginal” is developed first as psychic function then as verbal expression.
A meta-cognitive process mediated by symbols is activated by stimulating all the physic senses.
Participants will be connected to their internal world through narratives and dreams before memories that could be traumatic.
The environmental and socio-relational context can be accepted after they have experience in the “sure matrix” inside group.
Results and discussion:
We want share experience coming from many years using this methodology in group with children and with teachers also. Moreover we used this method’s experiences in supervision groups with social workers.
Our research demonstrated the effectiveness in using psychodrama group combined with a form of narrative work, that reconstructs a primary relational matrix, allows the transformation of individual histories, promote the co-construction of new way to look at “family histories” conducting to the possibility to change also behaviour.
Main points:
Time: scanning of times for each kind in play and action, observing natural rhythms, respecting of each one’s times.
Creative space: role-playng , representation , “as if…”, changing-role, “we were…” , complementary-roles, games, spontaneity.
Group climate: recognition, trust, listening, freedom, communication.
Rituals: group, starts by caring, with attention to details from the first moments of the first meeting.
Key words:
• lands and nature / psychodrama-group-process
• rhythms-sounds-colors-smells / feelings
• myths-tales-dreams / group history-membership

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Maria Gabriella Nicotra (Italy)

Workshop – Italian – English

“RE-ESTABLISH CONFIDENCE IN LIFE”;
“How to support identity and promote integration at the same time, working with Children in group”
Aim:
Aim of this workshop is to propose a efficacious method in working with children coming from traumatic experiences, deprivation conditions, abuse or other relational or social trauma.
Method:
Starting from systemic family psychotherapy and through group-analysis, this work method was developed by the author combining Individuative Jungian Psychodrama with needs coming from working with children and adolescents, whose families are multi-problematic concerning culture and social conditions. Group become for children a retaining safe space where they can increase their self-esteem, trust in relationship and in external world.
We will create fast dynamics to found a medium-sized group. It will be an engaging experience of a group foundation, and the beginning of a group process.
Focus is on the group process and at the same time on the evolution of each individual.
Description:
The group process will be developed using natural elements representation, mythical cultural knowledge coming from participants experience, or tales and stories from their transgenerational tradition. We do not work directly on traumatic memories and any negative situations and the menacing roles are represented by auxiliary Egos
Listening to breath, heartbeat, we will research and reproduce all the rhythms we can find in the nature and in the land, anything from children’s direct experience. Sense-perception and rituals give security and stability.
The action becomes an instrument to overcome the limits in the ability to develop concepts while changing context and habits.
Search for group times and rhythms is a consequence of respecting the personal time of each one.
Role of “imaginal” is developed first as psychic function then as verbal expression.
A meta-cognitive process mediated by symbols is activated by stimulating all the physic senses.
Participants will be connected to their internal world through narratives and dreams before memories that could be traumatic.
The environmental and socio-relational context can be accepted after they have experience in the “sure matrix” inside group.
Results and discussion:
We want share experience coming from many years using this methodology in group with children and with teachers also. Moreover we used this method’s experiences in supervision groups with social workers.
Our research demonstrated the effectiveness in using psychodrama group combined with a form of narrative work, that reconstructs a primary relational matrix, allows the transformation of individual histories, promote the co-construction of new way to look at “family histories” conducting to the possibility to change also behaviour.
Main points:
Time: scanning of times for each kind in play and action, observing natural rhythms, respecting of each one’s times.
Creative space: role-playng , representation , “as if…”, changing-role, “we were…” , complementary-roles, games, spontaneity.
Group climate: recognition, trust, listening, freedom, communication.
Rituals: group, starts by caring, with attention to details from the first moments of the first meeting.
Key words:
• lands and nature / psychodrama-group-process
• rhythms-sounds-colors-smells / feelings
• myths-tales-dreams / group history-membership

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Luigi Dotti (Italy)

Workshop – Italian – English

Who Shall Survive? Chi sopravviverà? International Public Psychodrama

I congressisti potranno partecipare ad uno psicodramma pubblico, aperto alla popolazione, presso il Teatro di Psicodramma di Provaglio d’Iseo. Il Teatro di Psicodramma realizza da una ventina d’anni psicodrammi pubblici, con partecipazione libera e gratuita, su tematiche di rilievo sociale e sulle storie della gente comune.
Questa citazione di J.L. Moreno ci aiuta a comprendere il significato dello psicodramma pubblico:
“Lo psicodramma non è né teatro né psicologia, ma una nuova combinazione delle due cose … è spesso chiamato la psicoterapia della gente, fatta dalla gente per la gente”.
La partecipazione allo psicodramma pubblico può avvenire a vari livelli:
come evento teatrale, teatro della spontaneità sulle storie della gente comune; come occasione di crescita e formazione personale e relazionale;
come opportunità informativa e formativa per i professionisti delle relazioni e dell’educazione e per gli operatori della cura.
La partecipazione allo psicodramma pubblico è limitata ad un massimo di venti persone.
La sede è il teatro di psicodramma di Provaglio d’Iseo, l’orario serale ore 20.45, nella giornata di Giovedi 5 settembre.
Per i partecipanti viene assicurato il trasporto in auto dalla sede della Conference al Teatro di psicodramma di Provaglio d’Iseo.

The participants can take part in a public psychodrama, open to the population, at the Psychodrama Theater of Provaglio d’Iseo. For about twenty years, the Psychodrama Theater has been making public psychodramas, with free participation, on issues of social importance and on the stories of ordinary people.
This quote by J.L. Moreno helps us to understand the meaning of public psychodrama:
“Psychodrama is neither theater nor psychology, but a new combination of the two … it is often called people’s psychotherapy, made by people for people”.
Participation in public psychodrama can take place at various levels:
1. theatrical event, theater of spontaneity on the stories of ordinary people;
2. opportunity for personal and relational growth and education;
3.information and training for relationship and education professionals and care professionals.
Participation in this public psychodrama is limited to a maximum of twenty people.
The venue is the psycho-drama theater of Provaglio d’Iseo, the evening time at 8.45 pm, on Thursday 5 September.
For the participants, transportation by car is assured from the Conference venue to the Psychodrama Theater of Provaglio d’Iseo.

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Raffaella Balestrieri (Italy)

Poster – Italian

QUANDO LA CICOGNA NON ARRIVA…
Tecniche psicodrammatiche nella procreazione medicalmente assistita (P.M.A.)
Raffaella Balestrieri*; Loredana leone*; Daniela Leone*; Elena Vegni**
*ASST Santi Paolo e Carlo – **Dipartimento scienze della salute, Università degli Studi

Introduzione
La diagnosi di sterilità è motivo di grandi sofferenze e di angosce per la coppia,che si manifestano sia a livello individuale (minaccia dell’identità maschile e femminile), che di coppia e sociale. Spesso si assiste ad una riduzione di investimenti e dell’intimità corporea. A questo si associa la distanza con la sfera sociale: la coppia si sente giudicata ed in difetto e ciò può comportare una chiusura con la rete sociale. L’equipe medica diviene il luogo di sicurezza, dove contenere l’angoscia. Alla luce di questo, il centro di procreazione medicalmente assistita in collaborazione con l’unità complessa di Psicologia clinica dell’asst santi paolo e Carlo di Milano, propone alle nuove coppie, che iniziano il trattamento terapeutico di PMA, un incontro mensile a carattere emotivo. (Bayle, 2003),(Rifelli, 1990)
Descrizione dell’incontro
Le coppie vengono invitate a partecipare ad un unico incontro, della durata di 2 ore, che ha come obbiettivo quello di riflettere e condividere gli aspetti emotivi del percorso. L’evento è condotto da due psicologhe psicodrammatiste. Durante l’incontro vengono indagati e condivisi alcuni “punti caldi” di questo percorso, mediante tecniche attive sociometriche: in particolare viene proposta al gruppo di prender posizione col corpo rispetto a quanto sentono di poter condividere in coppia e con altri significativi, il proprio vissuto emotivo e quanto si sentono fiduciosi del percorso medicalmente proposto. L’attività proposta permette l’emergere di tre condizioni: A. Riconnettere le coppie all’ aspetto corporeo. Esprimere il corpo nel gruppo attiva sensazioni “dimenticate”. I rapporti sessuali sono spesso mirati e questo può portare a una perdita della spontaneità e del piacere. L’atto procreativo è sostanzialmente delegato alla cura medica e il rischio è quello di rinunciare ad un attività sessuale fine a se stessa. B. Legittimare le emozioni. Il senso di fallimento spesso si estende anche alle famiglie allargate. Il senso di colpa per non aver risposto alle aspettative familiari e la rabbia di questi sono alcuni dei vissuti spesso connessi alla diagnosi. C. Scoprire nuove modalità di confronto col partner e con le altre coppie. La possibilità di ascoltare voci e vissuti di altre coppie aiuta ad accorciare le distanze comunicative nella coppia e a rivalutare le risorse supportive del partner. L’incontro offre infine la possibilità di proporre un supporto continuativo prima del percorso durante e dopo. Le coppie che partecipano all’ incontro riferiscono di essere soddisfatti dell’esperienza proposta, soddisfazione percepita anche dai curanti del centro P.M.A.
Sviluppi futuri
Sarebbe interessante strutturare in modo periodico gli incontri in modo da individuare degli indicatori di risultato.

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Melinda Meyer (Norway) – Judith Tezary (Sweden)

Simposium – English – Norwegian

Sosiodrama Panel with Judith Tezary
Empowerment and Resilience: Sosiodrama: Creating spontaneity in traumatised communities

Expressive Arts in Transition (EXIT) is a group intervention developed for stabilizing people who live under extreme stress and/or have survived human or nature induced trauma. EXIT focuses on enhancing movement, imagination, engagement, connection, here and now, safety and responsibility. Sosiodrama’s focus is on a common theme concerning the whole community.
Anxiety and fear are symptoms survivors of trauma often experience. Fear is something you feel when you are threatened, while anxiety is anticipating that something traumatic will happen again. Both anxiety and fear have the same physiological response in the body. The opposite of anxiety is spontaneity. Using mirroring in sosiodrama is a form of “role reversal”. All participants become directors. EXIT will be introduced as a form of sosiodrama.

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Melinda Meyer (Norway) – Maurizio Gasseau (Italy)

Simposium – English – Norwegian

Empowerment and Resilience: EXIT: Spontaneity training with traumatised communities

Expressive Arts in Transition (EXIT) is a quantitative and qualitative research project with 208 unaccompanied minor refugee boys aged 15 to 18.
EXIT is developed for stabilizing people who live under extreme stress and/or have survived human or nature induced trauma. EXIT focuses on training spontaneity, enhancing movement, imagination, engagement, connection, here and now, safety and responsibility. EXIT groups have been implemented in Norway, Germany, Africa, Mexico and South America. EXIT is part of the Certificate Program in Global Health, Peace building and Conflict Transformation at the European Graduate School, campus Malta.
The results of the research and implementation will be shared.

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Marco Ius (Italy)

Simposium – English – Italian

Pictures, drawings and sociodrama: fostering the integration of resilience theory in social work with children and families

The concept of resilience has spread widely over recent decades, and more and more often practitioners use it to refer to situations of children and families in care. However, it is often difficult to understand how social professionals drive resilience theory into practice and integrate it into care plans.
This paper aims at exploring and reflecting on a methodology and specific activity used in training of multidisciplinary groups of social professionals (social worker, psychologist, educator, home-carer/educator, teacher, child neuropsychiatrist) about the use of the culture of resilience (theoretical framework, definitions, different approaches and tools) within their practice with children and families.
The sociodramatic drawing and telling group dynamic was used in 8 one-day training sessions with different size groups (from 20 to 40 members) within different editions of the Italian Program of Intervention for PReventing Institutionalization (P.I.P.P.I.) and other contexts. The conductor used the activity at the beginning or first part of the session in order to warm up the group (emotionally, cognitively, physically and socially) with the topic and to collect the group’s culture on it to be used as a base where to build up the rest of the work and to bridge previous knowledge and skills with the new ones. The activities were audio-recorded and documented by pictures, in order to obtain the transcription and to content analyze it in the future.
This first reflection about the use of a sociodramatic drawing activity in training on resilience shows this method as particularly favorable and coherent. Indeed, professionals’ feedbacks encourage to keep using it. As a conclusion, planning a research project seems particularly worth in order to deepen the use of this method, to evaluate it and its impact on professional practice, and to keep empowering the professional culture on using resilience with vulnerable children and families.

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Marco Ius (Italy)

Workshop – English – Italian

A workshop to involve social professionals in working within a resilient framework

The concept of resilience is widespread within the social service culture, though how to drive it into practice with vulnerable children and families is problematic, and its integration in care plans often controversial.
The workshop aims at exploring the concept of resilience by a sociodramatic drawing activity that it is used in one-day training sessions on resilience for social practitioners in order to warm up the group (emotionally, cognitively, physically and socially) with the topic and its relevant aspects (for example risk and protective factors), and to collect the group’s culture on it to be used as a base for the whole training.
Participants will be able to experience the activity, share and discuss about it. The theoretical and methodological framework wil be presented and discussed in the paper “Pictures, drawings and sociodrama: fostering the integration of resilience theory in social work with children and families”. Both English and Italian speakers are welcome to participate.

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Rosa Shemesh (Israel)

Simposium – English – Hebrew

Dreams during varying stages of recovery from substance use disorder

Rosa Shemesh by:
Supervised by: Dr. Sharon Rabinovitz Shenkar
University of Haifa
2018

Drug addiction can lead, among other things, to criminality and delinquency. The withdrawal and therapy process is long and complex, and includes changes of many kinds at different stages. One of these is dreaming, which has significant repercussions on the quality of sleep and the addict’s alertness. These repercussions can in turn jeopardize rehabilitation and therapy.
Previous studies of this subject focused on the dreams of addicts while still achieving abstention and addressed the drugs themselves. Such studies were quantitative and based on the Freudian theory that dreams are an expression of an unrequited desire in conscious life. They sought to identify the desire for drugs in dreams, with the supposition that early identification of such desire in dreams would lead to better prevention of desire and drug seeking in consciousness, thus enhancing prevention of the recurrence of drug use.
The present study approaches the subject from a different angle, according to Moreno’s idea (Furst, 2013; Moreno, 1972) that dreaming is a creative expression of a person’s internal world. The aim was to consolidate a comprehensive approach to the dreams of addicts at different stages of recovery, and the way in which they experience their dreams. Accordingly, changes in the dreams of all addict-subjects at all stages of recovery were examined. This study is qualitative and phenomenological; thus, it aspires to enable participants to write about and relate their dreams and report their feelings and perceptions in semi-structured, in-depth interviews.
The present study reveals that the dreaming experience at all stages of dependency is filled with fear and panic, causing frequent awakening from sleep and compromising the quality of sleep. Most participants felt that their irregular sleep pattern is jeopardizing their recovery.
On the whole the findings point to a clear change in the dream content and dreaming experience of addicts arising from the three stages of recovery. The content of dreams typifying different stages of recovery, the ways in which the participants cope with their dreams and the implications on their sleeping and waking hours significantly expand knowledge gleaned from prior studies that focused on narrow characteristics and the first stage of recovery.
The findings of the present study indicate that drug dreams express a complex and difficult emotional experience of withdrawal from drugs, involving a process of bereavement and separation from drugs, friends associated with the period of drug taking and related behaviors. This study shows, for the first time, that at most stages there are dreams addressing therapeutic content, according to the stage of recovery when they occur. It was also found that both early and advanced stages of withdrawal are characterized by dreams of key life experiences, connected to pivotal events in the participant’s life. Such dream content also appears infrequently with the achievement of abstention. Furthermore, most of the dreams, regardless of their content, were found to be nightmares and recurrent nightmares. In previous literature this pattern has been considered typical of people suffering from PTSD, which reinforces the findings of several researchers who see in addiction the characteristics of post-traumatic disorder.
The present study is the first of its kind and could prove significant in the planning of therapeutic interventions at different stages of recovery. The implementation and practical implications of the results have the potential to help towards withdrawal from drugs, the promotion of therapeutic processes, the improvement of the quality of addicts’ waking lives, the enhancement of their quality of sleep and enabling the enjoyment of dreaming.

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Eva Fahlstrom Borg (Sweden)

Workshop – English

The Magic of the Magic Shop

This shop is not like any other shop you have ever visited! It is a vibrant shop where the customers can come and buy whatever they need to transform old patterns and get a better life. Someone might need to buy “courage” – “How much courage do you need?” the shop owner might ask. “One kilo!” – “Oh, are you sure you really need a whole kilo?” – The shop owner will describe the consequences of having too much courage – it might become very dangerous! The negotiating will go back and forth until the customer is satisfied. – Now comes the payment – “What are you willing to pay?” the shop owner asks – perhaps the customer will want to pay with “shame” – but how much shame. – What will happen if you have sold out all the shame you have?

The Magic Shop gives you a humorous experience and opportunity to reflect upon the life patterns and the roles you have taken or have been assigned and to give you a new chance for a personal transformation and the opportunity to add on new qualities and to give up non-functional ones (or to limit them).

The Magic Shop has its origin in the 40’s by JL Moreno and has since been used and developed by several psychodramatists, among them Anne Ancelin Schützenberger and René F Marineau. This Workshop will give hands-on-experience as well as some theoretical discussion.

Keywords: Magic Shop, character traits, roles, negotiations, inner and outer life transformations.

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Rosa Shemesh (Israel)

Simposium – English – Hebrew

Dreams during varying stages of recovery from substance use disorder

Drug addiction can lead, among other things, to criminality and delinquency. The withdrawal and therapy process is long and complex, and includes changes of many kinds at different stages. One of these is dreaming, which has significant repercussions on the quality of sleep and the addict’s alertness. These repercussions can in turn jeopardize rehabilitation and therapy.
Previous studies of this subject focused on the dreams of addicts while still achieving abstention and addressed the drugs themselves. Such studies were quantitative and based on the Freudian theory that dreams are an expression of an unrequited desire in conscious life. They sought to identify the desire for drugs in dreams, with the supposition that early identification of such desire in dreams would lead to better prevention of desire and drug seeking in consciousness, thus enhancing prevention of the recurrence of drug use.
The present study approaches the subject from a different angle, according to Moreno’s idea (Furst, 2013; Moreno, 1972) that dreaming is a creative expression of a person’s internal world. The aim was to consolidate a comprehensive approach to the dreams of addicts at different stages of recovery, and the way in which they experience their dreams. Accordingly, changes in the dreams of all addict-subjects at all stages of recovery were examined. This study is qualitative and phenomenological; thus, it aspires to enable participants to write about and relate their dreams and report their feelings and perceptions in semi-structured, in-depth interviews.
The present study reveals that the dreaming experience at all stages of dependency is filled with fear and panic, causing frequent awakening from sleep and compromising the quality of sleep. Most participants felt that their irregular sleep pattern is jeopardizing their recovery.
On the whole the findings point to a clear change in the dream content and dreaming experience of addicts arising from the three stages of recovery. The content of dreams typifying different stages of recovery, the ways in which the participants cope with their dreams and the implications on their sleeping and waking hours significantly expand knowledge gleaned from prior studies that focused on narrow characteristics and the first stage of recovery.
The findings of the present study indicate that drug dreams express a complex and difficult emotional experience of withdrawal from drugs, involving a process of bereavement and separation from drugs, friends associated with the period of drug taking and related behaviors. This study shows, for the first time, that at most stages there are dreams addressing therapeutic content, according to the stage of recovery when they occur. It was also found that both early and advanced stages of withdrawal are characterized by dreams of key life experiences, connected to pivotal events in the participant’s life. Such dream content also appears infrequently with the achievement of abstention. Furthermore, most of the dreams, regardless of their content, were found to be nightmares and recurrent nightmares. In previous literature this pattern has been considered typical of people suffering from PTSD, which reinforces the findings of several researchers who see in addiction the characteristics of post-traumatic disorder.
The present study is the first of its kind and could prove significant in the planning of therapeutic interventions at different stages of recovery. The implementation and practical implications of the results have the potential to help towards withdrawal from drugs, the promotion of therapeutic processes, the improvement of the quality of addicts’ waking lives, the enhancement of their quality of sleep and enabling the enjoyment of dreaming.

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Marjut Partanen Hertell (Finland)

Workshop – English – Finnish

Today we are in the middle of fast ecological changes, that human beings have created while spreading out over the Planet. In this workshop we explore and concretise how knowledge, creative action methods and mindfulness will support us and our clients in organisations, in private life as well as in political life to make responsible actions in order to save ourselves and the Living Planet.

We need a totally new way of thinking and behaving in order to deeply understand J.L. Moreno´s ideas of co-responsibility and co-creation of the world. Are we and the future generations victims or active survivors in this new epoch of Anthropocene? In Moreno’s ‘The words of the Father’ he stated that for co-creation: ‘I need all the hands that there are – none shall be missing’. He also urges us there: ‘Love the unborn’.

In this workshop we use sociodrama and the concept of Planetary Boundaries that was developed ten years ago to illustrate the Earth system stability. It is used world-wide in ecological discussion in order to understand what is happening now. We also discuss the status of human beings in the universe in Moreno’s philosophy compared to some other thinkers.

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Maria Abate – Laura Consolati (Italy)

Simposio – Italian – English

Efficacia della terapia psicodrammatica in pazienti con Disturbi Depressivi Maggiori gravi.
Lo scopo di questo studio è valutare l’efficacia della terapia psicodrammatica in pazienti con MDD grave in comorbidità con Disturbi della Personalità rispetto al trattamento di routine.
E’ stato condotto presso la Casa di Cura Villa Santa Chiara, con sede a Verona (Italia). Ha incluso 30 pazienti depressi unipolari gravi in accordo con i criteri del DSM-IV. Sono stati randomizzati in un gruppo di studio, sottoposto ad una terapia psicodrammatica e in un gruppo di controllo sottoposto al solo protocollo terapeutico di routine. La valutazione clinica è stata effettuata mediante la somministrazione in 3 tempi successivi della Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), della Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) e della Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS).
I risultati dello studio indicano la superiorità dell’approccio psicodrammatico rispetto a quello convenzionale per i seguenti motivi: 1. la terapia psicodrammatica causa una significativa riduzione dei punteggi sulle scale della depressione e dell’ansia; 2. il miglioramento è stabile nel tempo e si mantiene anche dopo il termine della terapia rispetto ai pazienti curati con terapia di routine che invece nel tempo peggiorano.

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Maria Abate (Italy)

Simposio – Italian – English

L’esperienza soggettiva del paziente alla Psicoterapia Psicodrammatica
Per questo lavoro è stato chiesto a 15 pazienti depressi adulti, in cura con psicoterapia psicodrammatica, di riferire i loro vissuti e la loro esperienza soggettiva al trattamento fornito mediante la somministrazione della H.A.T. _ 3.1 (Helpful Aspects of Therapy form) dopo ogni sessione di psicodramma e della Client Change Interview (CCI) al termine dell’intero ciclo di psicoterapia psicodrammatica.
La somministrazione della HAT ai pazienti ha permesso di identificare quali siano stati gli aspetti soggettivamente utili. Tra questi i più rilevanti sono stati: l’importanza dell’incontro con il gruppo, la condivisione emotiva/di sentimenti (tele), l’importanza di trovare nuove ed efficaci risposte a vecchie problematiche e/o risposte efficaci davanti a nuove ed inaspettate situazioni.
I maggiori cambiamenti identificati alla CCI al termine del ciclo di Psicoterapia Psicodrammatica sono stati il miglioramento del tono dell’umore, dell’ansia e del ritmo sonno-veglia, ma anche il riconoscimento della propria capacità creativa, della spontaneità, il miglioramento delle relazioni interpersonali, della sicurezza di sé, delle abilità sociali, della consapevolezza, una maggiore attivazione e la riscoperta di relazioni empatiche.
In Psicoterapia Psicodrammatica una buona esperienza soggettiva è correlata positivamente all’alleanza terapeutica “nel e con” il gruppo che è agente e luogo di cura.

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Laura Consolati – Students of Psychotherapy Psychodrama Scholl of Brescia (Italy)

Workshop – Italian – Spanish

Prendersi cura con creatività dell’ umanità ferita: workshop di psicosociodramma.
Lo psicodramma e il sociodramma sono strade elettive per la cura delle ferite del singolo, dei gruppi, della collettività.
L’incontro con l’altro diverso da me, favorisce
il contatto e il riconoscimento di parti(ruoli) nuove e creative dentro ognuno di noi, attiva l’incontro con la “curatrice” antica che abita nella nostra anima. Potremo preparare insieme il balsamo che lenisce il dolore, dare vita e voce a nuove energie.

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Franca Bonato (Italy)

Workshop – Italian English

Sensazioni e fragilità.
Il Laboratorio di psicodramma classico per sperimentare lo stretto legame tra i nostri 5 sensi e le emozioni.
‘Sentire le emozioni’ è un percorso che aiuta ad entrare in contatto con la fragilità umane.
Il laboratorio è il frutto di un’esperienza ventennale della conduttrice con persone diversamente abili (anche gravi) in centri di riabilitazione.

This classic Psychodrama workshop is aimed to make people experience the close linkage between our 5 senses and our emotions.
“Feeling your Emotions” is a journey enabling its participants to meet human weaknesses.
The presenter’s know-how has been built during 20 years in rehabilitation centres working with people with additional needs. This workshop is the result her experience.

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Carlos Maria Menegazzo (Argentina)

Workshop – Spanish – Italian

AMPLIFICACION PSICODRAMATICA DE  LOS SUEÑOS

La Amplificación Psicodramática de Sueños es una metodología de trabajo de mi autoría. Desde la orientación moreniano-junguiana es uno de los procedimientos grupales de la Imaginación Activa que permite profundizar en las escenas e imágenes oníricas. Este método también puede ser empleado para trabajar con imágenes logradas en ensueños dirigidos y visualizaciones creativas o surgidas durante la práctica de la meditación o en los denominados “estados no ordinarios de conciencia”.

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Deniz Altinay (Turkey)

Workshop – English – Turkish

Moreno’s unique genius has given us the “Psychodrama Group Psychotherapy and Sociometry System” as a great gift. This system is crowned by “theory of role” and “sociometry theory”. Also the “spontaneity theory of child development” adds a deep understanding. Understanding the role within this system has a particular importance.

Moreno sad that : “Every individual, just as he is the focus of numerous attractions and repulsions appears, also, as the focus of numerous roles which are related to the roles of other individuals. Every individual, just as he has at all times a set of friends and a set of enemies, also has a range of roles and faces, a range of counter-roles. They are in various stages of development. The tangable aspects of what is known as “ego” are the roles in which he operates. The pattern of role-relations around an individual as their focus, is called his cultural atom,”(Moreno, 1940)

According to us and many experts, “love” is an experience that offers a deep opportunity for people to recognize themselves in life.

As in all roles, the role of lover is also the subject of different role conflicts like; conflicts in roles, conflicts between roles, conflicts in personality and interpersonal conflicts. Therefore, the analysis of the role of lover is of particular importance in one’s life in psychodrama. It offers a strong opportunity for a person’s role discoveries. In this workshop we will embark on a discovery journey to the role of lover.

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Nicolao Takis (Greece)

Workshop – English – French

Unconscious group processes on the stage: An attempt to integrate psychoanalytic concepts and action methods.
Nikos Takis, Ph.D.
The relation between psychodrama and psychoanalysis has been complicated for many decades. However, there have been some noteworthy efforts by important group theorist and therapists to combine the two approaches and synthesize them in clinical practice.
This workshop will be delivered based on the method of the psychoanalytic psychodrama inspired by the French Psychoanalysts Didier Anzieu and Rene Kaes. In this approach, individuality and collectiveness are articulated on the psychodrama stage. Each group member carries a significant part of the group function. meets the basic psychoanalytic concepts. Everything said, whispered, dreamt or imagined by the members becomes the material for re-enactment on the scene of the group. The connections and contributions of everyone to the group play are shared and discussed in the light of modern psychoanalytic views on groups.

Processus inconscient de groupe sur la scène: une tentative d’intégrer des concepts psychanalytiques et des méthodes d’action.

La relation entre le psychodrame et la psychanalyse a été compliquée depuis de nombreuses décennies. Cependant, il y a eu quelques efforts notables de théoricien de groupe et de thérapeutes importants pour combiner les deux approches et les synthétiser dans la pratique clinique.

Cet atelier sera livré sur la base de la méthode du psychodrame psychanalytique inspirée des psychanalystes Français Didier Anzieu et René Kaes.  Dans cette approche, l’individualité et la collectivité sont articulées sur la scène psychodramatique. Chaque membre du groupe porte une partie importante de la fonction de groupe. aux concepts de base de la psychanalyse. Tout dit, chuchoté, rêvé ou imaginé par les membres devient le matériel pour la reconstitution sur la scène du groupe. Les liens et les contributions de chacun au jeu de groupe sont partagés et discutés à la lumière des vues psychanalytiques modernes sur les groupes.

Capacité: 20 partcipants

Nikolaos Takis est psychologue clinicien, πsychodramatiste, psychanalyste de groupe, membre en formation de la Société Hellénique de Psychanalyse et Président de FEPTO (Fédération des Organisations Européennes de Formation Psychodramatique).

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Esra Bilik (Turkey)

Poster – English

‘Neurons and humans are social entities, cannot exist in isolation, and can only be understood in relationships with others’ (Siegel)
It will not be wrong to state that psychodrama is the most interactive psychotherapy system with the body and especially with the nervous system regarding its philosophy as well as its techniques. Recent studies revealing the formation of new neurons even in elderly ages point at the fact that brain development takes place through ‘new learning’. Moreno’s concepts of Creativity and Spontaneity are the tools that keep perpetual development alive through recreating each moment. This means that multiplied neural networks stay alive by making new connections. Soul-body integrity in psychodrama activates the kinesics memory of the body in all protagonist studies and old traumatic experiences are recalled from the memory through almost true-to-reality scenes activating sense organs as well. This process necessitates the activation of memories, emotions (hippocampus, amygdala, limbic networks) in the brain and the most primitive structures along with PFC which is accepted as the most developed structure. Formation of new records as experiences by protagonists through symbolic realization corresponds to restructuring process which is directed by the award systems in the brain physiologically meaning the activity of the middle brain, ventral tegmental area and substantia nigra. Mirror neurons, which are now well known to enable a kind of communication beyond empathy, have explanatory qualities regarding Tele which is one the most important concepts of psychodrama. Moreover, role reversal technique that enables people to reach a kind of information they think they know through surplus reality are the most active moments of mirror neurons. Displaying the key concepts of psychodrama and neural equivalents of its techniques are aimed in this poster along with discussing which neural connections ensure the permanence of therapeutic recovery.

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Carlos Maria Menegazzo (Argentina)

Simposium – Spanish – Italian

Partiendo de nuestros tiempos apocalípticos y de revelación, recordemos los finales y principios de milenios de la humanidad. En todos ellos, a pesar de grandes decadencias siempre hubo “sociedad sensible y critica” que fue sembrando renacimiento. Según astrólogos y metafísicos, el próximo renacimiento ocurrirá en el año 2250. Los Mayas han señalado esto y nos aconsejan que hacer mientras tanto. A pesar del drama de los tiempos actuales, decía Sri Aurobindo “El hombre tal y como es no puede ser el término final de la Evolución. El ser humano es un ser de transición. El paso del hombre a la supra humanidad, es la próxima realización inminente de la Evolución terrestre. Este paso es inevitable porque es a la vez la intención del Espíritu interior y la lógica del proceso natural.” ¿Es el crepúsculo de nuestra especie? Sabemos que en el sistema actual imperante también hay aspectos positivos que nos anuncian los cambios. Carl G. Jung dijo “Algún día la psicología profunda se abrirá hacia infinitas dimensiones”. En Buenos Aires, desde finales del 70´ hasta la fecha hemos trabajado en co-disciplina y hemos descubierto: Portales dimensionales en nuestra interioridad. Portales vibratorios que nos integran con todo lo creado y nos abren a la supraconciencia. El conocimiento de estos portales nos permite confirmar que ya estamos en buen camino. Mientras esperamos, tenemos recursos para crecer en notridad. La humanidad que antaño eligió el “árbol del bien y del mal”, hoy está en búsqueda del “árbol de la vida”, y hay que aprender a elegirlo. Sólo entonces podremos disponernos al “Verdadero Encuentro”. Y lograr juntos la nueva cultura planetaria. La aceptación de las diferencias. La unión con lo complementario. La verdadera esencia de sentirse hermanos.

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Nevzat Uctum Muhtar (Turkey)

Workshop – English – Turkish

It will be an ongoing workshop to prepare and warm up the participants to the day, explore any unfinished issues from the day before by psycho or sociodrama.

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Nevzat Uctum Muhtar and Deniz Hulya (Turkey)

Workshop – English – Turkish

In this workshop we will try to explore the feelings of hate and revenge.

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Fabian Blobel (Germany) – Luigi Dotti (Ita) – Stefan Flegelskamp – (Germany-Swiss) Angela Sordano (Ita) – Rebecca Walters (USA)

Symposium – English – Italian

“Working with children” (psychotherapy, care and education)

“Lavorare con i bambini (psicoterapia, cura ed educazione)”

Abstracts

Rebecca Walters – USA

Sociodrama with Children’s Groups.

Sociodrama, like Psychodrama, is a way for children to tell their story; find commonality, decrease isolation, express their feelings, help find words, find a safe place to contain strong emotion, create a role that provides impact,  provide a corrective experience and expand their role repertoire.

Sociodrama typically focuses on large social and political issues involving oppression, social justice and social and political issues of a local and global scale.  Sociodrama can also be used with children who are being brought together to address common issues such as divorce, ill siblings, bullying, racism,  parents with mental illness, parents who are deployed, family disruption due to war and natural disaster…. and to address other community issues where children might prefer not to reveal so much of their own personal story as they would in a psychodrama group.

Without a commitment or contract to offer therapy or counseling, sociodrama works also well in settings such as the classroom, community groups, religious centers, etc.  Sociodrama can also be used in residential schools where confidentiality and emotional safety cannot be guaranteed, with short term groups where people do not have time to develop cohesion and safety with one another and in groups where group members are not able to manage their own emotions and have a tendency to become disregulated when addressing issues head on.

Sociodrama can also be a deeply therapeutic modality. It can be used to address traumatic issues in children’s personal lives such as abandonment, physical and sexual abuse, parental absence, removal from the home, etc.  It is especially useful in settings when the group does not feel safe or cohesive enough to enter into a psychodramatic exploration of a theme. Sociodrama provides the necessary distance for them to manage their emotional regulation. It allows them to stay in their ‘window of tolerance” rather than become hyper- or hypo aroused even while addressing difficult issues. It is often the method of choice when working with younger children. It is, essentially, Play Therapy in Action.

Fabian Blobel – Germany

About transformers and avatars

The symbol play of the child is a representation of the inner state and the functioning of the psyche.

These narratives reflect the inner working models of the self, the interpretation of its surrounding and the dealing with difficult emotions. This structure of the individual psyche is created and influenced by its personal history.

By bringing the inner narratives and fantasies on the outer stage the child is able within the symbol play to repeat, transform or completely leave reality.

As psychodramatists it is our aim to explore, to develop and intervene in this surplus reality in a helpful therapeutic and pedagogic way.

There is a wide range of different concepts and theories to help the psycho dramatist to analyze and plan adequate interventions.

One of these helpfull theories is the consistency theory.

With this theory Grawe (2000/2004) is differentiating scientifically four psychological basic needs of the human being:

  • need for relationship and belonging
  • need for orientation and control
  • need for augmentation of self esteem
  • need for seeking pleasure and avoid unpleasure

The healthy child is trying to find an equal satisfaction of all these needs. Challenging relationships and traumatic experiences can change the motivation to realize and satisfy these needs. 

Using these four needs as an Interpretation frame we have a powerful tool to analyze the narratives and fantasies of a child. It helps us to see balances and gives us a helpful lead for interventions in redirecting motivation and re-balancing all needs in the surplus reality. 

Integrating the concept of the basic needs in the therapeutic,  symbol play helps the child to transform his mentalization towards a healthier and more social accepted approach towards relationships and live.

Angela Sordano

L’adolescente  e il corpo virtuale

Fobie sociali, sindrome Hikikomori, disturbi del comportamento alimentare presentano oggi aspetti trasversali: la difficoltà a delimitare un confine tra sé e l’altro, a differenziare la realtà soggettiva da quella virtuale e a procedere nel percorso evolutivo di separazione e individuazione dalla famiglia di origine.

Verrà presentato un caso clinico e saranno evidenziate sia le scelte metodologiche, sia le prospettive teoriche che hanno determinato il passaggio dalla presa in carico individuale a quella gruppale.

La tecnica psicodrammatica utilizzata si basa sull’integrazione  della tecnica moreniana con la prospettiva junghiana e gruppoanalitica. Il focus è centrato sulla coesione, come principale fattore terapeutico di gruppo, e su una processualità  basata sul lavoro immaginale.

Il gruppo in questo setting diventa  un luogo di risonanza emotiva intersoggettiva, un contenitore pelle capace di reintrodurre l’adolescente nel proprio registro evolutivo.

Verranno descritti alcuni nodi tecnici della conduzione.

Parole chiave: adolescente, corpo, gruppo clinico

Abstract in English

Adolescent and the virtual body

Social phobia, Hikikomori syndrome, eating disorders present some clinical similarities: the difficulty to define a boundary between the self and the other, to differentiate the subjective reality from the virtual one, and to procede in the separating and individuating process from the family.

A clinical case will be presented and  the methodological choises and the theoretical perspecitves at the basis of the passage from an individual setting to a group one pointed out.

Our psychodrama approach  integrates morenian technicque, junghian psychodinamic theories  and  intersubjective group analysis. The focus of the clinical work is based on cohesion, considered as the main therapeutic group factor, and on imaginary process.

The group in this setting becomes a resonant intersubjective collective space,  a unique body  container able to connect dissociated parts and to reintroduce the adolescent in a developmental register.

The knots in the direction will be evidenced

Key words: adolescent, body, clinical group

Luigi Dotti – Italia

Psicodramma e sociodramma nella scuola. Il gruppo classe come contenitore positivo della fragilità e dell’iperattività

Questa relazione parla dell’attività psicodrammatica con gruppi reali di bambini (i gruppi classe nella scuola), con particolare attenzione alla tematiche dell’iperattività e della difficoltà di controllo della motricità e dell’azione.

Lo psicodrammatista che lavora con i gruppi reali deve porre  un’attenzione particolare a due aspetti:

1: la valorizzazione della funzione terapeutica del gruppo dei pari (citando e parafrasando  J.L. Moreno: “Ogni bambino o bambina può essere agente di cura per un altro bambino o bambina”)

  1. Attenzione alla responsabilità dello psicodrammatista (consapevolezza delle conseguenze nella vita reale del gruppo dell’attività psicodrammatica col gruppo reale).

Alcuni aspetti sono particolarmente importanti nel lavoro con i gruppi classe:

  1. Importanza dello sguardo relazionale rispetto all’ascolto dell’altro:

sguardo come incontro, importanza del atto di guardare l’altro e di essere visto e riconosciuto dall’altro, consapevolezza relazionale, consapoevolezza della collocazione sociometrica nel gruppo

  1. Importanza della diade spontaneità – creativita (fattore S-C) e della diade spontaneità – controllo (azione e consapevolezza del corpo, azione e auto- osservazione)
  2. Valorizzazione dell’attività rispetto all’iper-attività.

            – L’attività è hic et nunc, Ruolo/i spontaneo/i, funzione terapeutica del rituale

            – L’iper – attività è ruolo cristallizzato, là e allora, ripetizione, egocentrismo percettivo ed emotivo.

  1. Importanza della creazione gruppale SIMBOLICA , ESPRESSIVA e NARRATIVA, che promuove una nuova narrazione simbolica del gruppo (co-inconscio gruppale)

Psychodrama and sociodrama in the school – The group as a good positive container of fragility and hyperactivity

This report speaks of psychodramatic activity with real groups of children (class groups in the school), with particular attention to the issues of hyperactivity and the difficulty of controlling motor skills and action.

The psychodramatist who works with real groups must pay particular attention to two aspects:

1: the enhancement of the therapeutic function of the peer group (citing and paraphrasing J.L. Moreno

“Every child or child can be a caregiver for another child or girl”)

  1. Attention to the responsibility of the psychodramatist (awareness of the consequences in the real life of the group of psychodramatic activity with the real group).

Some aspects are particularly important in the work with class groups:

  1. Importance of the relational gaze with respect to listening to the other:

look as an encounter, importance of the act of looking at the other and being seen and recognized by the other, relational awareness, awareness of the sociometric position in the group

  1. Importance of dyad spontaneity – creativity (factor S-C) and dyad spontaneity – control (action and body awareness, action and self-observation)
  2. Enhancement of the activity with respect to hyper-activity.

The activity is hic et nunc, spontaneous role (s), therapeutic function of the ritual

hyper-activity is the crystallized role, there and then, repetition, perceptive and emotional egocentrism.

  1. Importance of the group creation SYMBOLIC, EXPRESSIVE and NARRATIVE, which promotes a new symbolic narrative of the group (group co-unconscious)

 Stefan Flegelskamp – Germany-Swiss

 Playing helpfully

 “The pirates and the cannibals”.

The language of children is play; they try to make sense of the world around them in action and not in conversation.

The possibilities offered by “as-if” and “make-believe” open in the most literal sense new playroom, in which children can experience themselves as creators and put the world in their order

Traumatized children seldom express their feelings verbally.

They do not have words for the  horror they have experienced.  But they express it in a symbolical way in their games.

To understand their trauma and support their way to cure it, the therapists have to enter this world on the psychodramatic stage as an active participant of the story, that has been developed together with the children and in the role, the children chose for them.  Children are still in contact with the  amazing human creativity. With some support  they change painful experiences  in a symbolical play into powerful roles, helpful to overcome the trauma and find solutions for their conflicts.

Who shall survive?
IAGP International Psychodrama Conference 2019

4/9/2019 - 8/9/2019, Iseo (BS) - Italy

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5 Giorni

147 Relatori

157 Eventi

360 Posti

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