17 Junio 2019 a las 10:36Compartir
Maurizio Gasseau (Italy)
Simposium – English – Italian
RITUALS AND DREAMS IN THE WORK OF PEACE BUILDING AND CONFLICT TRANSFORMATION ON COLLECTIVE TRAUMA
FEPTO Task Force for Peace Building and Conflict Transformation
The FEPTO Task Force for Peace Building and Conflict Transformation was founded in Vienna in 2005. The Task Force organizes seminars and conferences in which the members show their methodology for working with collective trauma such as wars, disasters and mass migration. Seminars have been held in Oslo 2007, Stockholm 2008, Turin 2009, Uppsala 2010, Sofia 2011, Iseo 2013, Istanbul 2014 and will be held in Granada in 2016.
The twenty members of the Task Force have actively intervened on collective trauma in Ukraine, Egypt, Gaza, Palestine, Israel, Jordan, El Salvador, Honduras, Brazil, Argentina, Columbia and Turkey.
Wars leave deep wounds in peoples and individuals , and destroyed social and occupational functioning. The resulting trauma is a wound , a laceration that brings permanent energy economy disorders of the psyche . Wars are made by people and people suffering by wars. In the wars 90% of victims are civil not military.
Now the battlefield are the houses. „The collective trauma makes profound after-effects are manifold and far-reaching collective trauma is like a nuclear bomb that disperses its radioactive fallout in distant places even long time after the actual explosion.“ (Kellerman)
SAFE SPACE – To work on conflict transformation it is necessary to bring the trauma victims in a safe place, a “safe place” often geographically and physically far from the place where the trauma was activated . A space in which to respond to basic needs : hunger , thirst , rest protection, and the safe place symbolically marks the conflict, the trauma, puts a limit to the destructive forces by create for the participants of a group the feeling that there is a limit to the emotions and the post traumatic stress, like a safe place in the play, and there is a safe place where you can bring a re – empowerment, self-esteem can grow undermined by the trauma , it is understood as a psychic space inside where they can feel more secure, and is a generator of resources including not least the hope and the new action.
THIRD PLACE it is a safe place where participants, group’s members may have experience of a new language with new expressive and relation modality.
It is he space of play, the space of theatre, the space of psychodramatic surplus reality.
It is the place of dreams, where the tension of opposit are hold through symbols.
It is the space of fairy tales that contains the archetypical energy of drama. The third place is a space for active imaginations, a mytical space, a symbolic a representative space.
RITUALS are similar to symbols, they are part of collective unconsciousness, they represent historical memory as well as historical traumatic events of certain large group.
Rituals are part of large group identity
DREAMS – One of most important duty when we work on collective trauma is not to retramautize the group members and protagonist, for this it is important do not play the traumatic scene, but can be very helpfull to ask to share dreams connected to collective traumatic experience and play those dreams.
Dreams convey the transformative wisdom of the unconscious, allowing emotionaly charged material to become easly accessibile to the consciousness, activating intrapsychic and intersubjective change. Psychodrama can safely be used to create paths of change for the most severe traumatization. Psychodrama creates a place to act out unprocessed trauma within the containment of therapy in order to stop the obsessive repetition of the past.