Applications of psychodrama in the community context (English-Italian)
Chairman: Antonio Zanardo
Agata Micci (Italia)
“Pinocchio’s dream “. Experiences of socio/psychodrama’s groups in therapeutic community -
Agata Micci , physician , psychotherapist, psychodramatist . Piemonte, Italy
Introduction :This work is about experiences of groups in therapeutic psychiatric community in Piemonte (Italy). These groups were aimed at people with chronic mental illness, psychic and physical disabilities. Some health and social workers in the community were also included as “ego helpers”. This work will be better described, with some more information about setting, birth and groups development, and some detailed examples will be made.
Materials and methods : Weekly sessions of groups, started more than one year ago and are still active . Every meeting has been summarized, also with ego helpers comments . In these sociodrama sessions, a large space was given to warming up, which was about many different kind of drama games , improvisation games, role playing with roles exchanging . And sometimes it was possible to enact a psychodrama with a protagonist. Then, some technical adaptation useful to specific work in therapeutic community with people with psychiatric troubles and disabilities were discussed.
Results : After more than one year of groups, it’s now clear that these sessions have been realized with constancy and good level of satisfaction among most participants . It was observed a gradual increasing of communication and relationships between groups members. Most members have experienced this groups with positivity and trust towards the others and they also learnt to feel the group as an emotional container. There were also observed improvements concerning individual rehabilitation and community life. In doing this work, it came to evidence that it was needed to adapt the setting to a therapeutic community contest, in order to make possible birth and development of the group itself.
Luciano Mocci (Italia)
PSYCHODRAMA AND THEATER OF SPONTANEITY: FROM THERAPEUTIC COMMUNITY TO TERRITORIAL COMMUNITY
is a social theater project carried out in a Therapeutic Community for the treatment of drug addiction also associated with psychiatric disorders. In the laboratory, activated within the community, the psychodrama methodologies were the foundation of group work: they offered participants a good base of knowledge and mutual trust. The theater of spontaneity was instead the area through which the group of participants was able to experiment and rediscover their creativity to design and create a theatrical performance that represented the conclusive action of the laboratory. The theatrical performance was represented in two public theatrical spaces under the patronage and co-promotion of the Municipality of Pistoia. In the show, the participants in the laboratory, in the role of actors, staged some issues related to drug addiction: the relationship with one’s dependence, mood swings, family dynamics, emptiness but also the desire to go beyond hypocrisy and to rediscover the beauty of simplicity and encounters, all elements that in reality are within their own life stories. RIPRENDERSI has meant a reawakening of consciousness and awareness from the torpor and false excitement of substances, a desire to regain one’s body, one’s identity and authenticity to recover important relationships, but also to look at each other with care and attention, just like happens in the community group. It was also a recovery with the camera to be able to look at it from an external point of view, see yourself from outside while living, making a video that was screened before the final theatrical performance was staged.